JEFFERSON COUNTY NEW YORK

CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS' BIOGRAPHIES

EUGENE ADELBERT CHAPMAN

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Union Soldier

EUGENE ADELBERT CHAPMAN , son of JOHN T. & MIRANDA N. (CONGDON) CHAPMAN was born 9 Dec 1839 at Belleville, Jefferson county and died Jan 1917 Stafford Springs, Tolland, Connecticut. He was buried Jefferson County, New York.

He was a physician. Dr. Chapman was one of the best known veterans of Jefferson county, and was prominent at all reunions of the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery, of which be was a member. Death was due to apoplexy of the throat. He had been living In Stafford Springs for the last three years. His health had been gradually falling for some time and death was not entirely unexpected.

Burial Near Belleville. The body will arrive at Adams Wednesday morning and it will be taken to Woodside Cemetery about two miles west of Belleville, where burial will take place. The Belleville Lodge of Masons will have charge of the burial service, which will take place Wednesday afternoon. Dr. Chapman was born In Belleville in 1839, a son of John and Miranda Congdon Chapman. Dr. Chapman's grandfather, Levi Chapman, was a native of Lyme, N. H., and settled in St Lawrence county In 1817. Dr. Chapman's father was born In 1814 and settled in Robert's Corners tn 1835. Dr. Chapman was the second of a family of five children.

Studies Medicine. He received his early education in the old Union Academy, an institution which has had many graduates who have been successful. After finishing his course at the academy he entered the medical school of the University of Michigan, after which he was graduated from the medical school of the University of Buffalo.

Enlists In the Tenth. The young doctor at once took up the practice of medicine, locating in Clayton, and soon built up a substantial practice. The Civil War had just begun, and the patriotic fever ran high. Dr. Chapman abandoned his fine prospects for a medical practice and responded to the call for volunteers. Instead of seeking s commission as a surgeon he chose to belong to one of the fighting units, and entered the service as a private in Company G of the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery, Aug , 11. 1862. One month later he was commissioned first lieutenant and appointed adjutant In July, 1863. he was promoted to be captain. In November. 1864, he was ordered to appear before the medical examining board in Washington, where he passed the medical examination and was made an assistant surgeon. Although this step reduced him in rank it enabled him to keep in touch with his medical profession He was ordered to report to General Benjamin F. Butler at Fortress Monroe, where he was mustered out as captain and was re-mustered as assistant surgeon. Shortly after reporting for duty at Fortress Monroe he was ordered to Deep Bottom and was assigned to duty with the 127th United States Infantry. Shortly afterwards he was ordered to Point of Rocks Hospital, where he remained in service as an assistant surgeon until April. 1865 when he received orders to 127th Infantry which was sent to Petersburg, Va. and with this command he went to Appomattox. He was a participant to many spirited skirmishes incidental to the Shenandoah Valley campaign. He was in the bloody battle of Cold Harbor and at the siege of Petersburg when the mine explosion took place. He was at Appomattox at the time of the surrender of Lee. Dr. Chapman was ordered to Texas and he was made quarantine officer at the port of Brazna Santiago, holding that office until the summer of 1865 when he wad mustered out of the service.

O. B. Cadwell, associated with Dr. Chapman in army life and later as a member of the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery Veteran Association, said today: "When I first became acquainted with Dr. Chapman he was an adjutant In the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery. Soon after he was appointed captain of C company. I remained at headquarters but our friendship continued. He was a man of unblemished character and very much a gentleman in every way. He was a man who stood very high and was thoroughly capable." "He was one of the organizers of the Tenth New York Heavy Artillery Veteran Association and was always most interested in the organization. He served as president of the association from 1885 to Oct 20. 1910 when be gave up the office voluntarily. He was elected secretary and remained in that office until be departed from the city in 1912."

Dr. Chapman was married In 1865 to Philinda M.. daughter of Philo and Caroline Davis Hungerford. Three children were born to them: Clara M . who died In 1897; Florence L. and Walter E. Mrs Chapman died In 1874 and in 1877 Dr. Chapman married Agnes G. McClure. Five children were born to them: Ross McC. of Washing|ton. D. C., John H. who died in 1901: Margery C. wife of Richard Valentine of Stafford Springs. Conn : Sanford T, who died about four years ago, and Donald C, a non-commissioned officer in the United States Army.


Source: Article as it appeared in the Watertown Daily Times, Thursday January 30 1917 from www.fultonhistory.com

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