BIOGRAPHIES AND FAMILY SKETCHES
TOWN OF WILNA
from The Growth of a Century
by JOHN A. HADDOCK, 1895
These biographies and family sketches are copied exactly as found. Undoubtedly there will be minor variations found in later research.
THE HORR FAMILY
ELIJAH HORR.- Few men have lived in Carthage and been more closely identified with its business interests for so many consecutive years as the subject of this sketch. He came to the village in 1831, when only 27 years of age, and all his subsequent life was wrought into its growth and prosperity. The progenitors of the family--the name until the last two generations was spelled "Hoar"--came from England to Massachusetts in the 17th century. The Massachusetts branch have always adhered to the original orthography, and as is well known, have been prominent in the history of the old Bay State and of the nation for many years, Hon. George F. Hoar being the senior Senator of the Commonwealth today, and one of the most eminent men in the councils of the Nation.
Elijah Horr's branch of the family came into Northern New York in the latter part of the last century, and settled in Denmark, Lewis county. Here Elijah was born November 24, 1804, and was reared like farmer's boys of the period, attending, for a brief time during the winter, a common school, and laboring the balance of the year upon the farm. He was a steady, ambitious boy, attaining his physical growth very early. He led his father's men in the hay and harvest field when he was 15 years of age, and as a consequence, before he was 18, his health became almost completely broken for the time, and he had entailed upon his constitution infirmities from which he ever afterward suffered. Not being sufficiently robust for a farmer, he attended, for several terms, Lowville Academy, securing by this change a better education than was usual to most of the young men of that section at that time. Upon his return from school he entered the store of Mr. Norton.
At the age of 23 years he married Miss Gertrude Vedder, who was descended, through the Vedders and Van Vlecks, from the old Knickerbocker stock of New York. Soon after, he moved to Carthage, then nothing but a hamlet upon the Long Falls of Black river. After a short time he opened a general store, and continued in the business of a merchant, at brief intervals, on account of impaired health, for more than 30 years. Subsequently, for some years, in company with Orlin Holcomb, he carried on a general banking business until his 70th year, when a stroke of partial paralysis closed his active business career. He lived for six years after this, attending to his private business until his death, December 27, 1880.
In early life Mr. Horr identified himself with the Methodist Episcopal Church. For more than 40 years he was an official member of the Carthage church, attending scrupulously its services and contributing largely of his means for its general expenses, and towards the building of two church edifices. He believed steadfastly in the doctrines and discipline of that church, but was wholly free from bigotry, and rejoiced in the prosperity of the churches of all names. He was a man of very positive convictions in both religious and political affairs, but was charitable towards the opinions of others. As a business man he was universally respected and honored. He was indefatigable in his devotion to his business interests, never allowing anything but the claims of his religious life to engross his time or claim his attention, giving himself almost no recreation, but finding his pleasures in his work. He was a man of unusual balance of faculties, his judgments seldom needing revision. During the more than 40 years of his active business life, he passed through three serious financial panics, with untarnished honor and unweakened credit. He never took any active part in politics, other than to do his simple duty as a citizen. From the organization of the Republican party, he was identified with its interests, and thoroughly believed in, and endeavored to promote its policies. The evening twilight of his long and useful life was calm and beautiful. He rested in the border-land, quietly and in hope, after the unremitting toils of a busy life. His last words, as his soul went out into the unknown, were: "Thy rod and Thy staff they comfort me." The family consisted of nine children, all living until the youngest was over 21 years of age, viz: John Wesley, who died March 31, 1875; Walter Ashley, of Great Bend; Hannah, wife of C. E. Francis, of Carthage; Sarah, widow of Rev. Spencer R. Fuller, who died September 16, 1870; Rev. Elijah, D.D., of Worcester, Mass.; Albert Vedder, who died July 26, 1882; Gertrude, wife of John T. Connell, of Grand Island, Neb.; Louise Stewart, who died March 10, 1872, and Charles Abner, who resides at Carthage.
JOHN WESLEY HORR. The subject of this sketch was the eldest son of Elijah and Gertrude Horr. He was born May 26, 1831, and was educated at the Carthage Academy. From very early life, in intervals of attendance at school, he clerked in his father's store. He was a natural salesman. From boyhood he manifested a love for adventure, which led him into many hair-breadth escapes, some of which left their scars upon him ever after. When about 21 years of age he went to Ohio, where, for about two years, he was employed as a clerk in the store of his cousin, A. V. Horr. Irresistibly moved by the spirit of adventure that always possessed him, he then went to California, where, after about a year and a half spent in the mines and in San Francisco, he embarked with 86 others in the ill-starred Nicaragua expedition, under Gen. Walker. The adventures and escapes he had, the sufferings that he endured while in Central America, would fill a volume that would be as strange as fiction. He, with many others, sick and wounded, was faithlessly deserted by the cruel and ungrateful Walker in Grenada, to be massacred by the Costa Rica forces, but they were protected by the United States government, and finally brought with the survivors of the expedition to New York, in the frigate Wabash. He was one of six of a company of 86 that left California, who returned. His family had received no tidings of him for over a year. He came to Carthage as one raised from the dead--a walking skeleton--weighing only 90 pounds, just one-half his weight when he left California. This was before the horrors of Libby and Andersonville, and no such looking per son had, perhaps, ever been seen outside of fever hospitals. Physicians came long distances to see him and professionally examine his case. Contrary to all expectations, he fully recovered his health, and upon the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion he raised a company of cavalry, of which he was made captain. The company was disbanded after nine months of service. Upon returning home, he went, after a few months, to St. Joseph, Mo., where he was engaged in mercantile pursuits until his death, March 31, 1870. In 1859 he married Miss Nancy M. Root, of Deer River, who for some years survived him.
He was a man of generous impulses, brave almost to rashness, with a natural love of adventure that sometimes outran his judgment, but few have been better loved by those who knew him. His grave is in the family lot, in the cemetery in Carthage.
WALTER ASHLEY HORR. was the second son, born October 26, 1833. He was educated at the district school and the Carthage Academy, and for several seasons taught in Wilna, LeRay and Carthage. He spent some time in 1854-5 in Chicago and Michigan, suffering then and subsequently from fever and ague, he returned to Carthage, in greatly impaired health. After the partial recovery of his health, he assisted his father for a time in his store; and later, for several years, he was associated with Noyes Tuttle in milling and in the sale of flour and feed, and was engaged in this business at the time of the breaking out of the war. He was inclined to enlist in the beginning of the conflict, for he was, from the first, alive to its serious and critical character, but was dissuaded, for a time, on account of the claims of his young family; and it was urged that as two brothers had already gone into the army, it was his duty to remain at home. But, finally, in the summer of 1862, while serving as a member of a war committee, appointed by Gov. Morgan for Jefferson and Lewis counties, for raising a new contingent of troops, he enlisted as a private in the 10th N. Y. Artillery, and shared the fortunes of that regiment, in which so many Carthage boys and those of contiguous towns had enlisted, until broken health compelled him to resign in the winter of 1864. He was elected lieutenant upon the organization of the company, and acted in that capacity during his period of service. No one ever doubted but that he enlisted purely from motives of patriotism. He had from boyhood taken a deep interest in the anti-slavery struggles, and in his deepest heart believed that this was God's battle, and that the future salvation and prosperity of the country depended upon its right settlement; clearly discerning the magnitude and issues of the conflict, he was ready to contribute his part to its solution. He has always been a man less controlled by impulse than by fixed principle and steady purpose. There is no part of his life that he looked back upon with so much satisfaction as his army experiences. They cost him more than most persons, for he had scarcely known a well day since he left the service. While he had never held political office, he was ever an active politician. He has been a conscientious Republican, almost since the organization of the party; gladly contributing his time and means to further its measures. It was characteristic of him to give his whole energies to whatever he believed to be right, in principle, and expedient in policy; he never believed in, or advocated half-way measures. He was married in 1857 to Miss Lovania Ware, of Champion. They had two children, Jennie G., who was married to Truman A. Thayer, and who died in 1872, and Flora M., who died in 1879. He has been, for some years, a resident of Great Bend, where he was a merchant and postmaster for many years. He died there suddenly February 6, 1895, much regretted. His widow survives him.
REV. ELIJAH HORR, D. D., was the third son and fifth child of the family. He was born April 20, 1841. In early life he was very frail, and for some years it was doubtful whether he would grow to manhood. He early evinced a desire for an education, and availed himself of every opportunity for reading and study. At the age of 15 he began to attend the Gouverneur Seminary. Here he fitted for an advanced standing in college, teaching winters from the time he was 16, and attending the fall and spring terms. Circumstances prevented his completion of the college course, upon which he had set his heart, and after some time spent in teaching at Evans Mills and West Carthage, he entered what is now the Theological Department of Boston University, from which he graduated in 1863. He at once entered upon the work of the ministry in the Methodist Episcopal Church, having successive pastorates in Ilion, Syracuse and Auburn. While in the latter city, at the instance of the Presbyterian pastors, Hamilton College conferred upon him the degree of M. A., in recognition of his scholarly attainments. The same degree was also conferred, a few years after, by Syracuse University, which was founded while Dr. Horr was pastor in that city, and in which he has always taken a great interest.
Until 1882 he was a member of the Central New York Conference, taking the most important appointments within its bounds, and serving for years as Conference Secretary, an office entailing great responsibilities and affording large influence. In the fall of 1882 he was called to Walnut Street Church, Chelsea, Mass., in the New England Conference. Here he at once took high rank, and was greatly in demand as a platform speaker and lecturer.
One of the elements of Dr. Horr's popularity in the various cities in which he has labored, has been his interest as a citizen, as well as a public teacher and clergyman, in all public questions. These he has discussed in the pulpit and on the platform freely and fearlessly. During his pastorate in Chelsea he was unanimously invited by the city government to give the oration at its memorial service for General Grant.
In 1886 the Maverick Congregational Church of Boston gave him an unanimous call to become its pastor, and he remained with them between seven and eight years, when he was called to Piedmont Church, Worchester, Mass., where he now (1894) resides. The Boston Herald, on the eve of his departure from that city, said: "Without the slightest sensationalism he discusses all the topics of the day, and subjects that alike interests old and young. His popularity is by no means confined to his own congregation, or even to Boston. He is possessed of considerable reputation as an after-dinner speaker, and delivered many addresses in the late conflict on the school question. He is broad-minded and has a fine command of language, and as an extemporaneous speaker he has few superiors in Boston. He is especially popular with young people, in whom he takes a great interest, and he has addressed from the platform members of the Young People' Society of Christian Endeavor in all parts of the State."
His denomination has shown their confidence in his judgment and business sagacity by placing him upon some of the most important of their boards of trust. He is a corporate member and upon the prudential committee of the American Board; is a member of the executive committee of the American Association; also of the Sunday School and Publishing Society, and a director of the American Congregational Association.
In 1864 he married Miss Bessie Winslow, daughter of Hon. John Winslow, of Watertown. N. Y. They have three children, viz: Dr. Albert Winslow, of Boston; Katharine Pease, wife of Frederick B. Lovejoy, of Boston, and John W., now a lad of 15 years.
ALBERT VEDDER HORR was the fourth son, born February 18, 1843. He was a sturdy, mischievous boy of an unusually happy disposition. In boyhood he was little inclined "to take account of stock" before engaging in any of the expeditions and escapades so often characteristic of enterprising boys in a country village. He was a recognized leader, though inclined, in his early days, to be somewhat reckless of consequences, still he was always fertile in resources, and if his thoughtless daring sometimes led his young companions into scrapes his steady bravery and persistence always helped to extricate them. He attained his growth very early, and with it seemed to have unusual maturity of judgment. He enlisted in his brother Wesley's company at the age of 17 and when the regiment was disbanded, after nine months of service, he was an orderly sergeant. He remained in Washington for several months in the service of the government, and then returned to Carthage, where he remained for part of a year, when he began to recruit a company for the 20th New York Cavalry. He was commissioned a second lieutenant, and when the regiment went into camp at Sackets Harbor was promoted to a first lieutenancy before it left the State. When the regiment first went to the front it was employed in several long cavalry raids, which tested the quality, pluck and endurance of the men and hardened them for the service that was to follow. The rare executive ability of Captain Horr was soon recognized, and during much of the time that he was connected with the 20th Regiment, he was on detached service, acting as assistant provost marshal of Eastern Virginia, with headquarters at Great Bridge, and as aide-de-camp on the staff of different generals in the Army of the James. In this capacity he was among the first white men of our army who entered Richmond, being on the staff of General Kautz, who was in command of the colored troops on that eventful morning. On the next day he was one of the escort of President Lincoln on his visit to the captured city, but a few days before his assassination. He remained in the army until the close of the war. Soon after, he removed to St. Joseph, Mo., where for ten years he engaged in mercantile pursuits, in company with his brother. In 1876 he returned to Carthage and engaged in business until his death, July 26, 1882. Capt. Horr was twice married--in 1863 to Miss Emma D. VanNess, of Carthage, who died in 1864, and in 1872 to Miss Imo Cheney, of Mechanicsburg, Ohio, who survived him a few years, dying July 6, 1891. An only son, Elijah, survives the family. This young man is now away, a student in school.
Albert had the happy faculty of making strong friends and holding them. He was a man of unusual energy of character and executive ability. He readily won the respect and easily held the confidence of associates, whether in business or army life. Quick of perception and fertile in resources, he was fitted to lead and command men by the confidence with which he inspired them. The old soldiers who knew him in camp and field loved and honored him. He is buried in the Carthage cemetery in sight of the home of his childhood.
CHARLES ABNER HORR, the youngest son and child, was born just outside of the limits of Carthage, upon a farm, which his father owned for some years, and at this time, on account of impaired health, was occupying, October 19, 1850. He attended school in Carthage and pursued a business course in a commercial college in Syracuse, N. Y. After clerking for some years in his father's store, he went to St. Joseph, Mo., engaging in business with his brothers, Wesley and Albert. In 1874 he returned to his native place, formed a partnership with his brother Albert. He is a man of amiable characteristics, popular with his fellow-citizens, a prominent member of the Methodist church and of several local organizations.
In 1871 he was married to Miss Jennie A. VanPelt, of Carthage. They have three children, Louisa Stewart, Wilma Gertrude and Charles Albert.
WILLIAM ALLEN PECK
was the son of Allen and Ann (Gilbert) Peck, who came from Connecticut quite early in the settlement of Carthage. William was educated in the common schools of Carthage, completing his scholastic education at Cazenovia, N. Y. After receiving his education he entered the store of Elijah Horr, and there he received a part of his mercantile education, completing it at Mobile, Ala. When about 25 years of age he commenced business as a merchant with the late Hon. D. C. West, and the firm of West & Peck continued until Mr. West removed to Lowville. Mr. Peck then continued in trade on his own responsibility until 1861, when he retired from active business. He sold his goods to Horace Hooker. In 1850 he married Susanna C. Budd, and they reared two children, William A. and Allen G., the latter being the popular cashier of the First National Bank of Carthage.
Few men passed through a long mercantile career in their native town and left behind them a memory so sweet and lasting as William A. Peck. He was in all respects a companionable man--one who invited friendship by being always friendly. He was perhaps more universally mourned than anyone who ever lived in Carthage, for he grew up with the town and knew all its people. He died in his 40th year, a young man.
THE BUDD FAMIILY.
JOSEPH C. BUDD, one of the celebrated firm of Budd & Bones, the iron masters, who ran the blast furnace at Carthage for many years, was a resident of Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia, where the family is well remembered. His first employment in Carthage was as a clerk in the land office of Mr. LeRay. While there employed his attention was attracted by the fine opportunities then presented for manufacturing charcoal iron, which then commanded a high price, but is now an almost unknown factor upon the market. In 1820 he married Susanna Coffeen, and about that time, in company with his brother-in-law, William Bones, he began to manufacture iron, thus continuing for a number of years. Joseph Budd built the series of five bridges connecting the islands with the main land, long since destroyed.
Mr. Budd had three brothers: Dr. Benj. S., Samuel A. and Paul. His own family were Miriam, who married Abner Gilbert (deceased); Susanna C., wife of William A Peck; John C., who died in Brooklyn about 1888; Joseph P., who is now living in the State of Washington; Thomas R., now living in Carthage; Caroline P., who died in 1863, and Rebecca L., who died in June, 1894.
In person, Joseph C. Budd was of commanding height, erect and dignified. He had the bearing of a gentleman of the old school, courteous, affable, but not inviting familiarity. He enjoyed the confidence of the people, having once been a Representative in the Legislature. He died in Carthage in 1868. His wife died in 1880, respected by all.
Miriam S., daughter of Joseph Budd, who married Abner H. Gilbert, was a life-long resident of Carthage. They had three children. Miss Susanna is the last representative of her father's family in Carthage. Wm. A., her brother, died in Gouverneur in 1891, aged 31 years. Mrs. Miriam Gilbert died April 23, 1894, aged 70 years, surviving her husband over 20 years.
One of the aged persons of the county was Samuel A. Budd, who lived to be over 90 years of age. He was a well-known character in Carthage for many years, and was a soldier of the War of 1812. Another aged person was Mrs. Lavinia Budd, wife of Samuel A Budd, long a resident of Carthage, where she died at an advanced age. They were both a very long-lived and industrious family, as their record shows, and they are well remembered in Carthage.
MARCUS P. MASON
One of the most intelligent, progressive and amiable citizens of Carthage, was born in Amsterdam, Montgomery county, in 1835. His father was a manufacturer, who came into New York from Massachusetts early in the twenties. Marcus P., therefore, became possessed of mechanical ideas by natural inheritance, which may explain his inclination toward productive industry. He received a fair primary education in the common schools of his neighborhood, supplemented by a year and a half in the best schools of Battle Creek, Mich., where he made his home with an uncle, a manufacturer of that city. Returning East, he next attended the New York Conference Seminary for Young Men, at Charlottsville, N. Y. This completed his scholastic education.
His devotion to mechanical pursuits had its first practical application in his father's manufactory. A young friend of his had been up in the Black River country, and was somewhat enthusiastic in his account of the desirable advantages of Carthage as a business centre. This induced young Mason to venture into this Northern section, his capital being $200 in cold cash, and with it he began the manufacture of broom handles on a small scale, afterwards increasing the business. His father then became a partner, under the firm name of H. Mason & Son, his father still residing at Amsterdam, N. Y. They rented the saw-mill of Samuel Davis and Samuel Myers, and added the manufacture of wood pumps with iron fixtures. They kept peddlers on the road selling pumps in the counties of Albany, Montgomery and Fulton, Mr. Mason, Sr., giving that portion of the business his personal attention. After running the pump business several years, the firm sold that branch, and M. P. Mason bought his father's interest. In addition to his Carthage business, he bought a mill at Deer River, and carried on the manufacture of broom-handles, window-shade rollers and slats. He then converted his Carthage mill into a manufactory of map-rollers and mountings for mounting maps, and for 25 years has made all that class of goods consumed in the United States. He soon afterward removed his works to West Carthage, purchasing the plant and water-rights of the Lathrop property. Here he largely increased his business, adding the manufacture of feather-duster handles, which he still continues, and makes the larger portion of such goods used in this country.
In 1873 he built a knitting-mill, and began the manufacture of knit underwear, in addition to his other branches of business. After the failure of Jay Cook and the attendant panic, the underwear business became somewhat depressed, and he converted his underwear mill into a hosiery manufactory, turning out about 150 dozen per day of gentlemen's merino and wool hosiery. Mr. Mason attended to his own sales, visiting nearly all the large cities of the country, and coming in direct contact with the jobbing trade. This business he continued for many years, giving employment to about 100 hands. A few years ago he sold his knitting-mill machinery and business to a concern at Pullman, Illinois, and it was transferred to that point.
About 1882 he turned his attention to investments in real estate, in the leading cities of the West and Northwest, including Kansas City, Omaha, Minneapolis, Duluth and Chicago. His plan was to purchase property, plot and grade it, putting through streets, and sometimes building upon it. In most of these ventures he has been remarkably successful, and he is still owner of landed property in several of the largest cities of the West, his judgment upon land values being frequently solicited by other dealers in real estate.
Mr. Mason is eminently democratic in his manner and easily approached. He is popular as a citizen, having represented the town of Champion on the Board of Supervisors, though his general plan has been to decline political honors. He comes of a long-lived family, his mother, who was Miss Abigail Adams Wheelock, died at the residence of her son, in West Carthage, in 1893, in her 85th year, and his father, Horace Mason, died in Amsterdam, aged 80 years.
Mr. Mason was married to Miss Hattie M. Angel, daughter of Edwin Angel, of Carthage. Three children have been born to them, two of whom are deceased, and one, a beautiful boy, Clinton, gives great promise of being a comfort to his parents.
Mr. Mason has been a successful man, but he has earned all he has of this world's goods. In West Carthage stands his elegant mansion, literally filled with unique and elegant furniture, beautiful statuary and many works of art which have been selected with wise discrimination in the art centres of Europe, and it is doubted whether another dwelling in Northern New York can show more elegant fittings or greater taste in their selection.
The Mason family in America descended from two brothers, who came from England early in the 16th century. One settled in Virginia, and the other in Massachusetts. At the burning of Medfield, Mass., in the King Philip Indian War, but one Mason child was saved from that massacre, and from him have sprung all the Masons in this country. Lowell Mason, the distinguished musician, is one of these descendants.
ERWIN ANDREW HAMMOND was born in Carthage in 1825. He was the son of John D, and Hellanah (Settle) Hammond. His father, John D., was a contemporary of Brodhead, and his assistant. Brodhead and Hammond ran the first line of survey through the Northern wilderness in 1798, and located the base line, from which all subsequent surveys have been predicated. They afterward, near 1816, completed and verified their work.
John D. Hammond died in 1836, aged 56 years, leaving his widow with 12 children. Erwin A. was then 11 years old. He was an ambitious boy, anxious to help his widowed mother. He was the first one to carry the mail from Carthage over the direct route to Watertown, via Great Bend and Felts Mills. This journey he performed three times each week, covering both ways the same day, and once a week he carried the mail from Carthage to Evans Mills, via Great Bend, Felts Mills and LeRaysville. He began to learn the hatter's trade in Carthage with Isaac Cutler, completing his apprenticeship in Utica. Returning to Carthage, he commenced business for himself in 1846, and remained four years. He then moved to Utica and established himself in the hat, cap and fur trade, which business he conducted on Genesse street until 1882. Since then Mr. Hammond has retired from active business. He is one of the oldest Odd Fellows in Northern New York, being a charter member of Tohopeka Lodge of Carthage, instituted in 1848. He is also one of the oldest Masons and Knights Templar in this part of the country, and is a member of the Masonic Veteran's Association of Central New York.
He married Miss Elizabeth E. Hill, of Martinsburg, in 1848, and they have reared five children: Julia H., wife of Richard W. Sherman, of Utica; Eugene M., now deceased; Alice Maria, who died at the age of 16 years; Cornelia E. and Mary Louise, who resides at home. Mrs. Hammond died in 1893, much lamented; to her own family her loss was irreparable. Since the death of his sister, Mrs. Marcus Bickford, September 13, 1894, Mr. E. A. Hammond is the oldest surviving member of the family, and the only one, excepting Teranus P., the youngest of the family, who resides in Carthage.
Mrs. Hellanah Hammond, widow of John D., died March 22, 1864, aged 73. She was highly respected, a consistent member of the Baptist Church, and a model mother. The large family of children all reached maturity and are well known in Carthage and vicinity. Those not already mentioned are Catharine A., the eldest of the family; Theodore S., Junius D., Charles B., William Morris, Caroline M. (Mrs. Henry Empey), John W., Miriam M. (Mrs. Alva Wilson), Helen (Mrs. F. G. Connell). These nine are all deceased.
Mr. E. A. Hammond well remembers when in his earliest boyhood, there were still remaining some portions of the five bridges, beginning at Tannery Island, that spanned the river by individual structures from one island to another. Some of the stringers of these bridges were remaining as late as 1838. He described the prevalence in Carthage of the "morus multicaulis" or silk-worm fever, which attacked so many communities in those early days. The plan was to plant the morus multicaulis tree, the leaves of which would be food for the silk-worm, purchase the worms, and at once enter upon the manufacture of silk. A family named Leonard came to Carthage from Lowville, and made preparations for manufacturing silk upon an extensive scale. The proposed industry was a taking business, because it would give employment to women and children at home. The Leonards entered heartily into this project, but met with many discouragements. The appliances then in use for winding the delicate cocoons, were crude and unsatisfactory, and that made much waste. This, with many other drawbacks, resulted in the abandonment of the business. The Leonards finally lost all they had invested, and gradually they removed from the town, not one of their descendants now residing there.
The old "cocoonery" was a long building which stood next to the garden of Martin Rugg, on Mechanic street, and is now moved back a few feet and used for a barn.
Had we space, Mr. Hammond's many other pleasant reminiscences might be related, but, as with many others, we are obliged to limit the space, for it would be simply impossible to insert as many personal sketches in each town as we would desire.
THE WENDLER MACHINE COMPANY
In November, 1892, Julius Spiro, Alexander Wendler and Wm. H. Munro purchased of the Empire Steam Pump Company their plant, situated on West End avenue, in Carthage. Through the enterprise of these gentlemen the machine shop was enlarged, a large iron foundry added, and various other improvements made. The object of this enterprise was the manufacture of machinery for pulp and paper mills. Their business was prosperous from the start, in spite of the hard times all over the country.
During the years 1892-93 the large sulphite pulp mill at Pyrites, N. Y.,
known as the High FaIls Sulphite Pulp and Mining Company, was designed and
built under the supervision of this concern. Through Mr. Wendler's
influence this Sulphite Company was formed, with a capital of $200,000. It
is the only sulphite mill in the United States which uses pyrites ore in
the place of sulphur in the manufacture of the liquor for digesting the wood.
In 1893 Mr. Wendler purchased the interests of Messrs. Munro and Spiro and
the business was continued under the name of Wendler & Co. Under this
management the business continued to prosper, and soon assummed such
proportions that it was decided to enlarge the works a second time, and
Wendler & Co. concluded to form a stock company. The new company filed
their articles of incorporation under the name of. "Wendler Machine
Company," and September, 1894, received their charter. At a meeting of the
stockholders, Messrs. A. Wendler, C. H. Remington, J. G. Jones, A. Drewson
and Curt Nicolai were elected directors. Since the organization of this
company, the capacity of the machine shop has been doubled, and a
commodious brass and bronze foundry added. These buildings were completed
about January 1, 1895, and equipped throughout with the most modern
improvements in the way of machinery, electric light, steam heating, etc.,
so that to-day the company has one of the most complete plants for the
manufacture of their special line of machinery in Northern New York. In
fact this company is the only concern in the United States manufacturing as
a specialty sulphite mill machinery. It controls many valuable patents for
machinery used in sulphite paper mills, and has built up a reputation in
this line all over the country.
A. Wendler, the president and manager of the concern, was born in Zschopan,
Germany, in 1863. His father, Carl Wendler, is interested in pulp and paper
mills at that place, and gave him the best education. After graduating at
the Royal College at Chemnitz he studied in Hanover and Berlin, and
received his degree as chemical engineer. At the age of 25, after learning
his trade in one of the largest paper mills in Germany, he started on a
trip through different countries in Europe and at last came to America,
where he worked in some of the best paper mills and machine shops. After
three years of hard work he returned to Europe on a visit, and on his
return went into partnership with Mr. Spiro, and opened an office as
engineers for pulp and paper mills, introducing his patents, together with
the latest machinery invented for the pulp industry. One year later the
firm of Munro, Spiro & Wendler was organized in order to manufacture their
own machinery, which firm was succeeded by Wendler & Company, and finally
the Wendler Machine Company was organized, and continue the business,
although this enterprising concern has met with some embarrassment, its
future is now assured. Its loss to Carthage would be deplored.
CARLOS L. FREDERICK, the oldest merchant in Carthage, N, Y., was born in Perry, Ohio, July 19, 1829. His opportunities for education were very limited, but he had born in
him that sincere regard for learning, which makes its possessor pay the
price for its acquisition, thankfully devoting every spare moment of his
time to that coveted end. Under favorable environment he developed into the
hardy, resolute youth. The father having died when he was but one and a
half years old, the family removed to Chittenango, Madison county. In 1844
he entered a drug store at Auburn, N. Y., as clerk, and thence forward his
life has been devoted to the honorable business he chose a that early age.
Remaining at Auburn three years, he removed to Syracuse in 1847, just as he
was emerging toward legal manhood, casting there his first vote in favor of
making that important village a city, as well as his political vote for
Lewis Cass for president. In February, 1850, he married Miss Sophia
Paddock, of Mentz, Cayuga county, N. Y.
In May, 1850, he opened a store in Carthage, receiving his goods via Oswego
and Sackets Harbor. His coming was the means of introducing many
improvements among the merchants of that town, who had been content to use
the old-fashioned oil lamps for lighting their stores; but Mr. Frederick
brought out the article known commercially as "camphene," which gave a
brilliant, clear light, and the oil lamps in public soon fell into
"innocuous desuetude." This is but one illustration of his way of
introducing many improvements.
His seven years of service as a pharmaceutist gave great confidence to the
public in his business, and his reputation in that respect is not confined
to this section. Being always progressive, and slightly aggressive, Mr.
Frederick has been independent in every thing. He has always been active in
every improvement of Carthage, the home of his youth and his later years.
He has probably, first and last, had more young men who have became
successful pharmacists under his tutelage than any other merchant in
Jefferson county. They are scattered at several places over the State,
and are known as well grounded in their business.
The persistency of Mr. Frederick was well demonstrated in his contest with
the Guardian Insurance Company, whose merited inglorious end was brought
about by the search-light of investigation which Mr. Frederick's case
brought to bear upon that organization after it had attempted to declare as
"lapsed" a policy of $2.000, which was derelict, but only technically, as
the company had purposely dropped the usual notice for renewal. The outrage
thus attempted, and the publicity given to the case through Mr. Frederick's
efforts, before the Legislature for four long years of persistent effort,
at last forced the enactment of the now well-known law which requires 30
days' notice to be given of the day of falling due of any premium, no
matter whether such notice is waived or not by the terms of the policy, or
by its fine-type conditions, so seldom read.
Mr. Frederick's habit of keeping well up with the march of public progress,
and indeed a little ahead of the procession, is shown in the marked
improvement of his storefront--building it anew with plate-glass windows,
leaving it one of the finest drug and prescription stores in the northern
part of the State. Here he manufactures the medicines with which his name
has been long identified, among which is the noted Lungwort Syrup, in use
in nearly every household in the country.
Nor has he devoted all his powers to the accumulation of property, though
in that he has been more than moderately successful. He was in his early
youth a leader in all the movements relating to the advancement of the
common-school interests of Carthage. In company with able contemporaries,
he is one of those who can point to the fine High School building, finished
in 1887, now a prominent object in Carthage, as an out-growth of his
efforts in obtaining its present site, for he was a trustee under the old
law, when, through his efforts and his co-trustees, the change was made to
the Union Free School system. In that effort his labors are appreciated,
and will be remembered long after he has joined the great majority.
Mr. Frederick has been in business many years--so long that his daily
business routine is now his life. He is noted in being one of the best
business advertisers in the country, and believes strongly in printer's
ink. His style of advertising is very unique and original. He means to wear
out, not rust out, although greatly afflicted by present poor health and
inability to get about with celerity. He has ever taken an active interest
in politics, and until 1856 was a life-long Democrat, when be broke away
from the unpatriotic traditions of that once powerful party, and voted for
Fremont, since which time he has acted with the Republicans. He has held
several town offices, and has peremptorily declined to have his name
presented for positions of larger responsibility. He may be classed as an
earnest partizan who, while not desiring office, would follow no party,
"right or wrong," and the influence of such men is always powerful.
Take him all in all, Mr. Frederick is an unique and interesting character--
a man of positive ideas, of a growth that has made the town a synonym for
energy, for real pluck and for independence.
He owns and enjoys three beautiful islands in the St. Lawrence river, and
owns Oakside Park, on Wellsley Island, as well as quite an interest in
Round Island Park. He has a fine cottage on Frederick Island, where he and
his family have spent their vacation for many years. He was the pioneer and
the first cottager in all that section now dotted with summer residences,
where is now Thousand Island Park and its surroundings. He was aggressive,
and a leader in this as in other matters of public interest. We extract the
following from the Carthage Republican, of September 5, 1894:
Golden anniversaries are rare, in any department of life, but especially so
in a business field, with its shifting, changing fortunes. Our successful
and skillful druggist, Mr. C. L. Frederick, has attained the proud
distinction of having served 50 consecutive years in this important and
intricate art. While he has seen many business houses rise and fall since
1844, he has gone steadily, surely onward, until he has won a competence,
and best of all, a character for unswerving integrity, golden, like the
mortar which he uses, secundem artem. Still hale and hearty, with brain
keen and alert, the Republican extends hearty greetings, and hopes that for
many years to come it may be our pleasure to give precedence among the list
of veteran business men, to the name of C. L. Frederick.
PATRICK SOMERVILLE STEWART, a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, was born in 1790. When 14 years of age he shipped before the mast as a common sailor, and came to America. In 1815 he was so fortunate as to secure employment in the distinguished LeRay family,
for that meant advancement from one position to another, as was the custom
of that nobleman in dealing with all his employes. Young Stewart's natural
sagacity, good judgment and sterling qualities were such that he gained the
entire confidence of his employer, and in 1835 he had full power as Mr.
LeRay's attorney and the care of his large estate. Mr. Stewart has had
eight children. In February 1876, his beloved wife died, aged 86. He was a
Methodist in his religious affiliations, and a generous contributor to that
In politics he was first a Whig, then a Republican. He was a peculiar
character; possessed of an indomitable will, independent, positive,
energetic in the maintenance of his principles, he was yet a man of much
tenderness, and would sacrifice himself to serve a friend. He died in
November, 1874, aged 84 years, leaving a reputation in no wise tainted by
John Stewart became a resident of Carthage about the same time as his
brother Patrick, and for many years lived an exemplary Christian life. His
widow and sister Ellen live at an advanced age, with Mrs. Stewart's
daughter Sarah, (Mrs. B. Vroman, of Champion). These two ladies, possessing
peculiarly happy dispositions, are of the kind that never grow old, looking
forward to the reward of the faithful.
Patrick Somerville Stewart was in many ways remarkable. The writer met him
as a clerk when he was supervisor from Wilna. The town never had a more
faithful officer, nor one who took a greater delight in doing a duty to the
best of his ability.
HON. ALLEN E. KILBY, the subject of this sketch, was born in Henderson, Jefferson county, New
York, August 13, 1842. His father, George Kilby, was a native of
Connecticut, and his mother of New York State. Both were noted for their
strength of character and kindly qualities of sympathy and good will. The
subject of this sketch early manifested a desire for books, and soon formed
the resolution to make his way through college. This was not easy where so
much money was required, and the family wealth was small. The proceeds of
the home farm were needed to meet the demands of the family, and so young
Kilby made up his mind to pay his own way by teaching school. He went from
the district school at Henderson to Union Academy, Belleville, N. Y., from
which he graduated with high honors in 1866. He taught school winters to
earn money to pay his expenses, and for a portion of the time, "boarded
himself "--a phrase well known to many a poor student working his own way
through school at this famous academy. From Union Academy he entered St.
Lawrence University, Canton, New York, and graduated therefrom in 1869,
with a well won record for scholarship of the highest excellence. There, as
at Union Academy, he had to rely on his own personal exertions for earning
money to pay his college expenses; and his vacations were given always to
hard work. The writer has known him to reach home from college on Saturday
evening and go to work on the farm Monday morning--working through the
summer without a single day's vacation, in order that the modest sum needed
for the following college term might be provided. Entering the St. Lawrence
University Law School in 1869, he graduated in the following year. While in
college he was appointed tutor in history, mathematics and Latin, and
remained a year after graduating as instructor in mathematics. He was then
chosen to the chair of pure mathematics in the University, but resigned the
position to engage the practice of the law. He was married to Miss Alice A.
Johnson, daughter of Lynda and Fales Johnson, of Henderson, in 1871, and
settled in Carthage the same year for the practice of his profession. Two
children blessed this happy union, Ralph Lawrence, born July 5, 1880, and
Bertha Alice, born August 4, 1883. From the first, Mr. Kilby made his mark
as a close student, an excellent legal adviser, and a man of high
character. Such qualities won for him the early confidence of the people,
and age and experience brought him an increasing volume of legal business
in his early professional career. In 1884 he was elected Member of Assembly
from the first district of Jefferson county by the largest majority ever
given in that district, and re-elected in November, 1885. He took a high
position in the Legislature as a painstaking member, and one of the keenest
students of all measures presented in the Assembly. Nothing escaped his
laborious and faithful examination of bills laid before that body, and
while he modestly refrained from taking part in debates to any great
extent, he was recognized as a leading and safe authority on all matters
coming before the Legislature. He served on the committees on judiciary,
banks, public education, and on two-thirds and three-fifths bills, with
great credit and acceptance. During his two years' service in the Assembly
he refused all passes from railroads and always paid his full fare wherever
he went. His view was that no public legislator should accept favors from
railway corporations, whose interests might be antagonistic to the rights
and best interests of the people. In 1891 his name was prominently
mentioned as candidate for county judge, and the strong endorsement he
received was gratifying proof of the esteem in which he was held in his
Mr. Kilby, at this writing, is in his fifty-first year, and presents an
all-round character for legal attainments and business ability seldom
surpassed by one of his age in country life, and who has had to make his
own way unaided by wealth and without the assistance of powerful friendly
influence. He is a trustee of St. Lawrence University and vice-president of
the First National Bank of Carthage, N. Y. Upright and downright in
character, possessing a rare equipment of general and legal learning,
untiring in the discharge of every duty to his clients and to everyday
life, Allen E. Kilby presents an object lesson of a self-made man--"four
square to all the winds that blow "--and worthy of the fullest respect and
confidence of his fellow-citizens. Mature in judgment, inflexible in his
opinions, stainless in his personal honor, and brave and true in his
friendship--a loving and tender father, a faithful and affectionate
husband--the subject of this brief sketch adds dignity to his profession
and honor to the citizenship of his native country. A. D. S.
JAMES PERRY HODGKINS, who died in his 78th year, on the 18th of November,
18--, was the oldest resident of Carthage, having resided there
continuously since 1819, with the exception of a short absence. He was born
in Kingsbury, Washington county, N. Y. He left there at the age of 16,
coming to Carthage with his uncle, John Hodgkins, who built a foundry in
what is now West Carthage, near the site of Coburn's Mill. Under his
uncle's instruction he became a worker in iron, in almost every department
of which he exhibited great skill and enterprise, until it became a common
remark that he could make anything that could be produced from iron. His
whole active life was spent in business connected with the iron industry
and with public works--he having been a contractor on the Black River
Canal and the Utica & Black River Railroad, the latter of which he was one
of the earliest promoters. The piers of the railroad bridge which span the
river at Carthage, were built by him in the year 1852; and although the
superstructure was not completed until 18 years later, the work was found
to have been so well done and they were found in such a good state of
preservation that nothing was required to render it a safe foundation. Mr.
Hodgkins was a cousin of Alvin H. Perry, who won the renowned victory on
Lake Erie over the British fleet, and in his youth enjoyed the privileges
of an intercourse with that hero, which no doubt had the effect of turning
his attention to political and public affairs, in which he felt an uncommon
interest. A firm believer in the principles of the Democratic party, not
only in the days of its prosperity and glory, but in the dark days of its
adversity, he adhered to its fortunes with undeviating affection and
confidence. He never could consent to accept any office outside of the town
in which he resided. As a neighbor and friend he was universally esteemed;
genial and sociable, he was a great favorite with all classes. Possessing
an exceedingly retentive memory, his mind was stored with so much of the
early history of this part of the State, that he was always relied upon for
information of that character. He married Miss Julia A. Johnson, who
survives him, residing with her daughter, Mrs. G. B. Farrington, in
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mr. Hodgkins is well remembered by the author of this History, for he was
kind to us when a poor boy learning a trade.
CAPT. H. J. WELCH is a native of Chenango county, N. Y., and was born in the village of
Norwich, July 17, 1834. His parents were born in Stonington, Conn., and at
an early day migrated to Norwich, where they carved out of the wilderness a
home on the banks of the Canusawacta Creek, from which source have sprung a
numerous progeny, the greater part of whom are settled in the towns of
Oxford, Greene, Bainbridge and Afton. The Captain was educated in the
academies of Homer and Oxford. He read law with Col. John Wait, of Norwich,
and was admitted to the bar in Binghamton in 1861. In the fall of 1862 he
removed to Carthage, and for a short time practiced law with Charles T.
Hammond; subsequently he opened an office by himself and for several years
occupied rooms with the Hon. Marcus Bickford. In August, 1864, permit was
given by the State to raise a regiment for the War of the Rebellion. Under
this permit a regiment was raised, known as the 186th N. Y. Volunteer
Infantry, in which the subject of this sketch was captain of a company.
After the war the Captain came back to his adopted village, where he has
since resided, and practiced his profession. He organized the Carthage Fire
Department; was elected four times president, and as an executive officer
made the most efficient one it ever had. He straightened the street grade
and the sidewalks, built the first stone cross-walks, caused the fences to
be removed and the parking system to be carried out, the streets to be
lighted and an equality of taxation established. He is one of the best
campaign orators in the State; has been and is an active G. A. R. man, and
in 1888 was commander of E. B. Steele Post, No. 269. He is a lawyer, well
grounded in elementary principles, possessing those rare qualifications
which make one of the best trial lawyers in Northern New York.
The Captain, besides his legal skill and literary attainments, is the
inventor of 21 patents, among which is the Pneumatic Horse Shoe and the
Glass Tube and Changeable Center Fish Bait. He was married in 1864 to
Zeolade, daughter of Orson and Sophia Warren. His home is a delightful one,
in the very heart of the town.
JOSEPH PARKER BROWNELL long a citizen of Carthage, and well known as a very reliable surveyor (and possessing a most accurate knowledge of the original surveys of all this
section), was born in Duanesburg, Schenectady county, N. Y., January 9,
1827. He was the son of Cornelius and Mary (Rulison) Brownell. He came to
Carthage in 1849, and for a time taught school, becoming finally an
assistant to his uncle, Nelson Rulison, for many years the surveyor for the
LeRay land office. About 30 years ago Mr. Brownell became the sole surveyor
for the Carthage office, and at his death he was the best known expert upon
land questions in the counties of Jefferson, Lewis and Southern St.
Lawrence. In his line of special work he made many friends and always kept
them, a rare thing for anyone to do. Mr. Brownell filled many places of
trust and responsibility, all of which he conscientiously discharged. He
had been a supervisor in Lewis county, a justice of the peace in Croghan
for 18 years and held the same office in the village of Carthage; was also
assessor for many years, besides holding other offices. In 1856 he was
married to Miss Parthena S., daughter of Mr. Osmyn Caswell, one of the
pioneers of the town of Theresa, and a justice of the peace there for
several years. They have reared four children, one daughter and three sons.
The daughter, a teacher of much promise, preceded him to the better land
some seven years ago. Hiram M. is a farmer. James Parker is a civil
engineer, a graduate from Cornell University. Charles is foreman of the
Carthage Tribune. The last two named reside in Carthage.
Mr. Brownell died in Carthage on Christmas day, 1894. With him was forever
lost much that was of interest relating to the early surveys. He was a
thinker and a student. He had always a ready answer to any question
relating to his profession. The author of this History had occasion once to
ask him the exact measure of the water-fall in the Black river at Carthage,
as well as the width of the river at the point where the public bridge
crosses. He gave me the figures without reference to any book. He was a
methodical and exact man, the result of long training in his profession, a
matter of the utmost consequence in a surveyor. He was a superior
draughtsman, plotting with exactness and ease. Taking him all in all, he
was a man whose loss comes near to being a public one, for the knowledge he
largely possessed was of such a nature that it was of interest to all. His
last sickness was a gradual fading out of "life's fitful fever." The writer
was with him and his devoted wife at Bonaparte lake last summer, and
anticipated his speedy restoration to health, a hope that has not had
fulfillment. But his end was peace, for death had no terrors for him.
The father of Mrs. Brownell, Osmyn Caswell, Esq., was born in Connecticut
in 1796, and came of old Puritan stock. Three of his mother's brothers were
soldiers in the Revolutionary army, and fought for independence at Bunker
Hill. Esquire Caswell was one of the writer's earliest friends, a truly
honest, conscientious man. He was the first justice of the peace in that
part of the town of Theresa where he resided. He was universally respected.
He died in the town of Wilna in 1881. Mr. Brownell's esteemed wife is left
to mourn for her husband. They were indeed, an exceptionally happy and
industrious family. J.A.H.
SIMEON FULTON for many years a well-known and respected citizen of the town of Wilna, was born in Vermont in 1809. He was the eldest son of Caleb Fulton, who was
born in 1777 in Coleraine, Mass., and came to Wilna from Vermont in 1810,
and built a log house on the farm where Mrs. Angelica Fulton (the wife of
Elisha, Caleb's son) now resides. The privations incident to settlement in
a new country afforded but little opportunity to acquire an education, but
Simeon fitted himself for a life of usefulness, and soon became a referee
for his neighbors and friends, who frequently sought his advice, and it was
always considered reliable. In 1833 he was married to Larissa M., daughter
of John and Susanna Smith. She came with her parents from New Jersey to the
town of Wilna when but one year old, and the country a dense wilderness.
Being childless they generously adopted children, who became as dear to
them as their own. They took Julia A. when a child, and she, with her
husband (Myron Lewis, Jr., of Wilna) and their three children, have been a
comfort to Mr. and Mrs. Fulton in their declining years. These
grandchildren seemed to be the special object of Mr. Fulton's love and care
after the demise of his beloved wife, which occurred in Wilna, March 29,
1890, at the age of 73 years. Thus was severed the sacred ties of over half
a century's duration. Mrs. Fulton possessed many virtues which inspired
love and commanded respect from all who formed her acquaintance. Simeon
Fulton was a man of many amiable and desirable qualities. Strictly honest
in his dealings with his fellow men, he was ever ready to lend a helping
hand to the needy. He possesses untiring diligence and patience, which
enabled him to accumulate a handsome property. He was a devoted husband and
generous protector to his foster children, to whom he was very much
attached. His grandchildren cannot say too much in his praise. But Mr.
Fulton's superior ability was recognized outside of the immediate
neighborhood where his life was spent. He represented the town of Wilna as
supervisor in 1847-48-49. He was notary public and school commissioner many
years, and held many minor offices in the town. He was captain in the State
militia. In 1891 he visited his birthplace in Vermont, accompanied by his
grandson, E. Fulton Lewis.
An Universalist in belief, he lived as if in accord with the teachings of
the Golden Rule. He died May 6, 1894, aged 85 years. "Truly a good man has
fallen," was the expression of all who learned of the demise of Simeon
Fulton. He was one more of those strong and honorable men who settled in
the Black River country at an early day, and lived lives which justify us
in calling them exceptional in all the qualities which make up true
manhood. Principle was his guide, the light of reason his inspiration to
duty. There were some like Mr. Fulton, but he had no superior.
THE STRICKLANDS were a distinguished family among those Friends who came into Philadelphia, Jefferson county, early in the century, probably among the very first
permanent settlers of that town. They were from the vicinity of
Philadelphia. Pa., where they had long been an important family, and where
their descendants still maintain the ability demonstrated by their,
ancestry. We give the biography of this entire family in Jefferson county,
upon the next page. Miles and Seth, two of the sons of the original John
Strickland, filled so important a position in the history of Jefferson
county, that we single them out for special mention. We insert their
biographical sketches in connection with the town of Wilna, because Mr.
John E. Strickland, son of Seth and nephew of Miles, has for many years
resided in the village of Carthage, a respected citizen and large property
owner and tax-payer.
Miles Strickland was born in Bucks county, Pa., several years before his
father removed to Philadelphia. He grew up on his father's farm, receiving
a moderate education at the public school and partly from a Friend's
school, established at Philadelphia at an early day. By profession he would
naturally be classed as a farmer, but he was also a miller, he having been
proprietor of the grist mill at Philadelphia in company with Mr. Edward
Tucker, as well as engaged in other enterprises. As he grew in wealth, and
reputation as a financier, he gave up his other pursuits more and more,
until at last, his whole time was devoted to his own financial affairs. He
married Miss Harriet A., Bronson, now deceased. He was a man of more than
average capacity, and of excellent judgment, for which reason his advice
was often sought by his neighbors. His business calling him often to
Watertown, he finally made that city his home, and there he rounded out a
useful and honorable life, dying March 17, 1893.
Seth Strickland, brother of the above, was born in Bucks county, Pa., in
1808, and accompanied his parents when they removed to the Black River
country. The farm of his father was his home until he purchased a farm for
himself, and entered upon his lifework. He married Miss Jane, daughter of
Thomas Bones, another Pennsylvanian, a sister of William Bones, of the
well-known iron firm of Budd & Bones, in active operation at Carthage in
the forties. Mr. Strickland was a successful farmer, well known and
universally respected. He died in 1873, leaving a comfortable fortune to be
distributed among his children.
John E. Strickland, a leading and wealthy citizen of Carthage, was born in
Philadelphia, N. Y., August 2, 1845. His early education was in the
district school, supplemented by attendance at the Black River Literary
Institute, at Watertown. His home was upon his father's farm until 19 years
of age, when he entered the store of Mosher & Tucker at Philadelphia, where
he remained about one and a half years, coming to Carthage in 1869, and
entering the store of Bones & Frederick. In 1871 he went into the hardware
business with Mr. John Rogers, the firm being Rogers & Strickland, which
continued until 1879, when Mr. Strickland entered upon the business alone.
In 1887 he received as a partner Mr. Henry M. Mosher, and the business is
now conducted under the firm name of Strickland & Mosher.
October 9, 1873, Mr. Strickland married Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of
Collins Miller, of Deer River, N. Y. They have reared three interesting
children, Ruth Louise, Seth Miller, and John Lyle. Their home is a typical
one--solid but not ostentatious.
Mr. Strickland is the proprietor of the Strickland block, a new building in
the center of the village. It was begun in February, 1893, and was fully
completed in 1894. There is no more substantial building in the county, and
it is a credit to Carthage, for many reasons. The front is pressed
(Trenton, N. J.) brick, and, with the Ohio blue stone, forms a peculiarly
fine and massive combination. The front upon State street is 90 feet, and
upon Mechanic street 105 feet. Mr. Griffin, of Watertown, was the
architect. The mason and carpenter work has been done largely by Carthage
mechanics, and they have produced a fine building.
PEDIGREE OF THE STRICKLAND FAMILY.
JOHN STRICKLAND was born in. Bucks county, Pa., in 1757. In 1806 he
emigrated to Jefferson county, and located in Philadelphia, N. Y., then a
part of LeRay. He was a member of the Society of Friends, and possessed of
a genial and kindly disposition. He brought with him a sum exceeding
$25,000, with which he purchased 5,000 acres of land in that town. During
the War of 1812 he bought supplies for the army, and at the termination of
the war had a large quantity of supplies on hand, for which he received
less than half their original cost. He was obliged to dispose of a portion
of his land to payoff his indebtedness, after the accomplishment of which
he had left of his once large estate only 220 acres. He died September 15,
1849, aged 92 years. At the age of 25 he married Margaret Stout, of German
descent, with whom he resided 60 years. She died in 1853. Of their
children, Elizabeth married Thomas Townsend, and died in 1864; John, Jr.,
married Rachel Townsend, and died in 1859; Sarah married Ezra Comley, and
died in Pennsylvania in 1855; Deborah died in infancy; Ann married Edmund
Tucker, and died in 1863; Mahlon married Mary, daughter of James Rogers,
and died in 1871; Margaret married Samuel Case, and died in Chicago, in
1888, aged 91 years; Rachel married Samuel Rogers, and died in
Philadelphia, N. Y., in 1863; Miles married Harriet A. Bronson (deceased);
Martha married Robert Gray, and died in Wisconsin, in 1875; Seth, who was
born in 1808, married Jane, daughter of Thomas Bones, January 25, 1835. Of
their children, Ellen (Mrs. Isaac Mosher) and William reside in
Philadelphia, N. Y., and John E. in Carthage. William Strickland was born
October 15, 1839, and was reared on the homestead farm, which he inherited.
He married Betsey J., daughter of Truman and Fanny (Allis) Oatman, of
Philadelphia, N. Y., December 29, 1862, by whom he has had two children,
Seth T., born March 12, 1866, who died May 7, 1871, and Anna Jane, born
April 2, 1874. Mr. Wm. Strickland is a farmer, and resides in the village
GEORGE F. LEWIS, the very able photographer at Carthage, was born in Harrisburg, Lewis county, in 1847. He is the son of George and Alice (Gowdy) Lewis, residents
of Harrisburg. He came to Carthage in 1871, and began to learn the art of
photography from Mr. S. S. Richards. A fter working for him three years Mr.
Lewis purchased the establishment, and has continued the business up to the
present time without interruption, excepting during a few months following
the fire of December 16, 1892, in which he lost many valuable negatives,
now impossible to replace. The following summer he erected the fine block
in which he has a studio. Mr. Lewis was married in July, 1874, to Miss
Carrie O. Crane. They have reared two children, Grace, aged 19, and Fred
W., aged 13. When Mr. Lewis thought of learning photography he mentally
resolved that he would do his very best in everything he undertook. Though
country-bred and not having the ad- vantages of travel or any opportunities
for visiting the city galleries, he yet possessed a fine appreciation of
art, which he has developed in a remarkable degree in his business. By
thoroughness he has laid the foundation of a tine reputation as an artist.
The writer, who has had some experience among photographers, regards him as
standing very near the head of the many able men who take pictures in
Jefferson county. Mr. Lewis, in addition to his fine block, has erected a
neat residence on South James Street, where he resides, and his home is a
typically happy one. He is an official member of the M. E. Church, and has
maintained himself for many years as an accomplished artist and good citizen.
HENRY W. HAMMOND
No MAN connected with the railroads of Northern New York has left a more
favorable impression upon the community than Mr. Hammond, a Carthage boy,
son of Theodore S. and Mary Ann (Wilkins) Hammond. His father was a
courteous and refined gentleman, much respected for his intelligence and
ability, long a land owner and lawyer at Carthage. His son Henry was born
October 26, 1841, and had the advantages of the public schools of Carthage,
and also of an academic education. He began railroad life in 1869, and
built and operated 12 miles of the Carthage & Adirondack Railroad for two
years, until the wooden rails gave out. He was supervisor of the town of
Wilna in 1872 and 1873. In April, 1873, he commenced on the Utica & Black
River Railroad as brakeman, and soon became conductor. This position he
filled with entire acceptability, receiving much praise from the travelling
public, as well as the unqualified commendation of his superiors upon the
road. In December, 1879, he was promoted to assistant superintendent on the
Utica & Black River road, which position he held until the latter was sold
to the Rome, Watertown & Ogdensburg road, and then was made division
superintendent, with headquarters at Carthage. This position he held while
under the management of the New York Central. He tendered his resignation
November 1, 1891. The retirement of Mr. Hammond created considerable
surprise at the time, but was well understood by his intimate friends. His
beloved wife was ill, and he became her devoted and affectionate nurse, his
devotion only terminating with her death, July 29, 1892. She was the
daughter of Henry C. and Alvira Rich, of Carthage.
Mr. Hammond's continual attendance at his home, necessitated by his care
for his sick wife, induced him to assume, temporarily, the position of
station agent at the important village of Carthage. This position he was
holding when appointed to the superintendency of the western division of
the New York & New England Railroad, with headquarters at Hartford, Conn.
He remained in that position until the general break-up which grew out of
the attacks upon Mr. McLeod, the president of the great Reading Railroad
system, and which was fraught with such immense losses to the Reading road,
deranging all its relations with other roads. Mr. Hammond did not care to
be unfaithful to his chief, and resigned his position when Mr. Parsons
retired. Since then he has been a resident of Carthage, and his friends are
anxious to again see him connected with railroading, and in a position
equal to his abilities.
He deserves the popularity he has earned for kindness of heart is one of
his predominating traits. He is the last representative of his family. His
brother, Charles T. Hammond, was a prominent lawyer and Mason, and was
Master of the Lodge when he died. Frederick, the youngest son, was a
telegraph operator and a fine musician. Mrs. T. S. Hammond, their mother,
died February 27, 1889, and was a resident of Carthage for 51 years. She
and her husband were an exceptionally happy couple.
MRS. JANE BICKFORD
THE sudden and almost tragic death of this estimable lady, the oldest
native-born inhabitant of Carthage, aroused much sympathy--for she had a
large circle of friends and relatives and had lived an honored life,
unstained by any scandal or breath of detraction. She had gone to Thousand
Island Park for a few days' pleasure and social enjoyment, and was
apparently in her usual health and spirits, when, but a few hours after her
arrival there, on the 12th of September, 1894, she was suddenly attacked
with complete mental paralysis, dying the same night. She never spoke a
word after her attack, wholly unconscious of the loving care of her
daughter, who had been for many years her mother's constant and
affectionate companion. Mrs. Bickford was nearly 72 when she died--and all
her mature years were years of usefulness and of self-denial. She was one
of the few who fully justified "the honors she had gained." The author of
this History discovered in her one whose active mind was ever alive to
historical incidents. From her was gleaned very much that relates to
earliest Carthage, for her father was one of the very first surveyors
there, the contemporary of Brodhead and the various agents of the Chassanis
(French) Company, who began at Castorland as early as 1793. Herself and her
daughter indeed may be said to have prepared much of what is said in these
pages about Wilna and Carthage, and those paragraphs relating to the
Bonaparte history at Natural Bridge and Lake Bonaparte. Over a part of the
ex-king's former possessions in Diana she had journeyed with the writer in
pursuit of historical material.
She was married July 14, 1851, to Marcus Bickford, a native of Lowville,
but who became early identified with Carthage, and remained so until his
death, September 19, 1876. He was for many years regarded, and is still
remembered as a well read and progressive man of this town, and a strong
political leader in the Republican ranks, of which faith he was a stanch
and unflinching advocate.
In March, 1860, he established the paper to which his wife gave its name,
the Carthage Republican, and it was fitting that in its columns should
appear a tribute to one who ever kept its interests in her remembrance, and
in the early days of its existence labored for its success.
But her years of life are over; long and busy they have been, and crowned
with fullness of days. "She rests from her labors and her works do follow
Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Bickford: Miss Florence Ida, who is
the only surviving member of the family, and Cora H., who died November
Mrs. Bickford's maiden name was Jane Van Horn Hammond, second daughter of
John D. Hammond. She was one of a family of 12 children, seven sons and
five daughters. Of the five sisters she was the last survivor, and attained
the greatest age, She was born on January 2, 1823, on the Alexandria road,
in a house long since removed. She was of a particularly refined nature,
possessing very quick intellectual perceptions, and had all the advantages
it was possible to enjoy in those early days when the settlers were hewing
their roof trees, and struggling for a future competence. In addition to
possessing a superior English education, Mrs. Bickford spoke French with
accuracy and fluency, even until the day of her death. She was an unusually
brilliant conversationalist, and most graceful in expression.
SAMUEL KEYES, now in his 87th year, came to Wilna in 1819. His father took
up land on the road leading to Natural Bridge, having removed hither from
Montgomery county, N. Y. Wilna was then an almost unbroken wilderness.
Samuel Keyes married Miss Mary Fulton, February 23d, 1831. He has held many
town offices, including railroad commissioner, commissioner of excise, and
supervisor. He raised three boys and two girls--all the sons are yet
living: George, Samuel and Caleb; one of the daughters, Mrs. Alfreda
Palmer, is yet living, but Mrs. Margaret Chaffee is dead. Mr. Keyes is yet
vigorous, and the very day we interviewed him he had been hunting deer. His
son Caleb conducts the farm.
DR. SETH FRENCH, one of the best remembered men in the 35th Regiment, in which he was acting surgeon, and therefore brought in daily contact with the men, was the son
of Ezekiel and Sally (Chase) French, who were descended from the families
that came to America from England in 1628-40, and settled in Massachusetts,
the mother landing at Plymouth Rock. Ezekiel French was a farmer, settling
eventually in Potsdam, St, Lawrence county, N. Y. He was a custom house
officer of the United States government during the war of 1812, and had a
brother who served in the battle of Sackets Harbor. From this patriotic
ancestry came Dr. Seth French, the subject of this sketch. He was born in
1824, at Potsdam, N. Y., assisting his father on the farm in summers. He
received his rudimentary education in the common schools, entering later
the old St. Lawrence Academy at Potsdam, teaching school during the winters
and working upon the farm in summer. The Doctor's life passed on until the
death of his father made it necessary for the older ones of the family to
assist themselves. The Doctor started for Natural Bridge; where his uncle,
Dr. Elkanah French, was practicing medicine. This was in 1843. His uncle
took him into his office, and when our incipient Doctor was sufficiently
advanced he presented himself to the president of the Castleton (Vt.)
Medical College, requesting admission upon credit, which was granted. The
same request was again repeated at the beginning of the second term (the
old debt having been paid from the avails of school--teaching during the
college vacation), and by such self denials and struggles the Doctor at
last, in 1847, obtained his diploma, and began the practice of medicine.
The hardships he thus endured had strengthened a naturally good
constitution, and perhaps no young man ever entered upon the practice of a
profession in Jefferson county who had higher ambitions or a more honest
heart. Armed with these grand equipments, he was prepared for any
emergency, and his subsequent success as a civilian practitioner of
medicine and as a surgeon in the Union army bore evidence of his ability
and the extent of his acquirements. He practiced at Carthage for two years
and was superintendent of schools. In 1849 he started for California via
Cape Horn, being 315 days on the journey. Remaining in California over a
year, he was moderately successful, and returned to Carthage at the end of
1850, and resumed practice. Soon after his return to from California Dr.
French married Miss Harriet Guyot, daughter of Bazille Guyot, one of the
early settlers of Carthage, whose descendants are yet prominently connected
with its mechanical pursuits. The Doctor remained in active practice at
Carthage until 1854, when he removed to Redwood. It was while practicing at
Redwood that the attack was made upon Fort Sumter. He assisted in raising
Company I, of the 35th N. Y. Vol. Infantry. Into this work he entered with
his usual energy, and the company was soon filled. The doctor accompanied
that organization to Elmira, and was the men's medical attendant during the
rendevous there, and subsequently mustered into the United States service
with his regiment as 1st assistant surgeon, in which capacity he
accompanied his comrades to Washington and to the front, sharing in all its
privations and varied service during the next two years. His arduous care
for the sick endeared him to the entire command, and he is gratefully
remembered as an honorable, high-toned officer. The gallant old 35th never
made a march nor fought a battle when Dr. French was not present. In the
spring of 1863 he was promoted to be surgeon of the 21st N. Y. Regiment of
Infantry, and detailed for duty as acting surgeon of the 35th.
On being mustered out of service the Doctor removed to Eau Clair,
Wisconsin, where he was engaged in the drug trade for 10 years. His
services in the field had brought on attacks of rheumatism, which turned
his thoughts more or less towards a warmer climate for winter. His
attention was attracted towards Sanford, Florida, upon the St. Johns river,
at the head of large steamer transportation on Lake Monroe. At Sanford he
made his home from 1872 to 1875 and engaged in the cultivation of oranges
and other semi-tropical fruits.
The Doctor and his partners purchased a tract of 7,000 acres in Volusia
county, about 15 miles from Sanford, and on it established what is now
known as Orange City, Florida. He was elected State Senator in the
meantime. The 7,000 acres were sold to actual settlers, the lands proving
exceptionally fine for orange-culture. The Doctor's services as State
Senator resulted in the establishment of the Florida Bureau of Immigration
(the first in the South after the war), of which he was its commissioner.
The literature emanating from his office at Jacksonville ("Florida as it
is"), did much to spread information relating to that State. His assistant
was Watertown's well-known and honored townsman, Mr. Samuel Fairbanks. The
direct results of that class of literature have been frequent and
important. In 1881 he removed again to Sanford, which is his present home.
The Doctor and Mrs. French have reared three children: Adele, the wife of
Mr. Edward T. Lane, of Anderson, Indiana; Hattie, wife of Mr. Wm. F.
Leavitt, of Sanford, Fla., and A. V. French, the only son, who resides near
Sanford, and is engaged in orange culture.
The history of Dr. French illustrates in a marked degree what perseverance;
energy and integrity will accomplish. He began poor and was not favored by
influential friends, but he built up a name for integrity and skill as a
physician that will endure long after he has passed away. Once, when a boy,
he visited the Hon. Silas Wright, at Canton, and Mr. Wright asked him what
he proposed to become. Young French replied, "Well, sir, I don't know."
Mr. Wright turned to him and in all earnestness said, "My young friend, you
can become anything you desire." This was ever an incentive to the Doctor.
He aimed high, and though he has probably never achieved what he sometimes
hoped to, he has at least achieved enduring remembrance in the hearts of
the men with whom he served in the Union army. His life shows what even a
poor boy can attain in this free land. Indeed, we know of no life that has
been spent in this county which contains more encouragement for a
struggling young man than that of Dr. French. We knew him well in the
field, for he gave tender care to many of my wounded men, some of whom he
stood over in death. He was a courageous man, the shriek of shells never
made him nervous. He was the soldier's friend. J.A.H.
MARTIN RUGG was born near Martinsburg in 1818, son of Elijah Rugg, who came from
Vermont. At the age of 10 Martin's parents removed to Pamelia, where he
learned the shoemaker's trade. In 1836 he came to Carthage, where he soon
began business for himself, and rapidly accumulated a fortune. He retired
from business in 1881, and has since then devoted himself to the care of
his estate. He has been an estimable citizen for many years, and enjoys the
respect of his neighbors. Mr. Rugg has the handsomest private residence in
Carthage. He had three brothers, Charles, George and Silas, all deceased,
and they were respected citizens. George was a resident of New York city
during the latter part of his life, and his family resides in that city.
Mrs. Silas Rugg is a resident of Carthage. Charles Rugg conducted a brick
yard for several years in Carthage. This family has been unusually
industrious and enterprising and are another illustration of what labor and
sticking to it will accomplish joined to good health.
BRIEF MENTION OF FORMER RESIDENTS AND BUSINESS MEN.
O. T. ATWOOD, associate editor of the Republican for a short time and an
attorney and counsellor-at-law, and afterward clerk in the Treasury
Department at Washington.
MICHAEL D. MCCANNA was a popular postmaster and universally respected.
CAPTAIN J. A. BROWN was a veteran of the late war and in a rebel prison for
two years. His health was undermined by the hardships endured while in prison.
JOHN C. KELLOGG reared a large family of children and afterward married
Mrs. Lydia Hoyt. He was an enterprising citizen.
JOHN T. WALSH built the Mechanics' Hall Block and has been a business man
of Carthage for many years; now retired.
NOYES TUTTLE was for many years proprietor of a grist-mill in Carthage and
moved to Utica, where he and his wife died.
JESSE VAN SLYKE kept the Levis House, and died March 10, 1865, aged 35,
leaving many friends.
H. C. RICH, who resided for many years on the site of the Bones block in a
house long since destroyed.
WM. H. HUBBY, who with Deacon Weed were once prominent business men, under
the name of Hubby & Weed. Mr. Hubby was an active, shrewd man. Visiting
Milwaukee on business, he lost his life by the wreck of the Lady Elgin.
CLARK WAY, a prominent merchant of Carthage, who sold out to Mr. C.
Frederick. He was a citizen whose death, September 14, 1860, cast a gloom
over the community. Resolutions of respect by Carthage Lodge, No. 158, were
signed by Joseph Crowner, Chas. T. Hammond and George Gilbert, committee,
now all deceased.
DR. B. S. BUDD, for many years a practicing physician of Carthage. His son,
William C., was killed in battle in an Iowa regiment. B. C. Budd, another
son, was also in the service and won distinction.
JAMES T. PEDEN, for many years a popular physician of Carthage.
RICHARD GALLAGHER was one of the early merchants of Carthage building the
Gallagher block, and was associated with Mr. Woolson at one time in the
furniture business, manufacturing the same by horse-power. Mr. Gallagher
was a leading citizen and merchant and one of the prime movers in the
introduction of the present free school system. He was twice married and
reared a large family, and died in the spring of 1890. A steamboat on Black
river, built in 1860, was named after him.
ABEL NUTTING, who was captain of home guards and in the late war, serving
ALMONT BARNES, formerly editor of the Black River Budget, was captain of
Company C., 1st N. Y. Artillery, and was active in recruiting soldiers. He
was lieutenant in the Carthage Battery.
ALVA WILSON, another editor of the Black River Budget, was captain in an
CHARLES W. SMITH, supervisor of the town of Wilna in 1860, was a gentleman
who had many friends. He and his wife died universally respected.
CLARK DODGE, for many years a prominent merchant of Carthage, and a banker
in Boonville at the time of his death. In early manhood he was a
wagon-maker in Carthage He built Dodge block, which was burned in 1861, and
a fine residence on State street burned in 1884. His son, Eugene, is a
banker in Boonville, and was a lieutenant in the late war.
TITUS MORGAN was for many years in the harness business in Carthage, and
was postmaster in 1861. He and his wife were Universalists in belief, and
lived honorable lives, the most of which was spent in Carthage. His father,
Pliny Morgan, came to his death by falling down stairs, and died in Wilna,
March 3, 1863, aged 92 years.
HENRY B. EDMONDS was born in the town of Orleans in 1840, and is the son of
Benjamin D. Edmonds. He came to Carthage in 1876, where he acted as station
agent for the Utica & Black River R. R. until 1887, when he interested
himself in insurance. In 1893 he was elected justice of the peace. He
married Mary A. Miller, of Orleans, and they have one son, Harry J. Mr.
Edmonds is a thorough business man, who has many friends.
JOHN BETTIS VINIER was born in Canada, in 1814, and came to Carthage when a
lad. He married Alice, daughter of Alexander Yattau, both of French
descent. They had 10 children, four living: John B. and Frank served in the
late war, now deceased; Eleazer J. and George are business men of Carthage;
Mary Alice, his daughter, is the wife of Victor Guyot, of Carthage. John B.
Vinier, the father, has been a life-long resident of Carthage, and a quiet
and respected citizen. His wife died in April, 1894, aged 71 years.
HENRY HABERER was village undertaker, and a business man of Carthage for
many years. His sons are large furniture manufacturers at Lowville.
CHARLES H. KIMBALL, a well-known resident of Carthage, was born July 17,
1812, and was the son of Richard H. and Deborah (Saltmarsh) Kimball, of
Haverhill, Mass. He married Miss Julia V. Vinton, of Cornish, N. H. Their
children are: Mrs. Julia Briggs of Rome, N. Y.; Mrs. Augusta V. Smith, of
Boston, Mass.; Mrs. Carrie S. Wilmot, of
Watertown; Mrs. Mary K. Mason, of Jamestown, N. Y.; Mrs. Deborah K. Foster,
of Parsons, Can., and Hon. Charles H. Kimball, Jr., of the same place,
where he is State Senator. Mr. Kimball, Sr., died in 1883. His widow
survives him a most estimable lady. Mr. Klmball was a skillful stone mason
and built many of the most substantial buildings of Carthage.
GEORGE B. FARRINGTON was the second son of Harvey and Delia (Ellis)
Farrington, who came from Dedham, Mass., to Watertown to reside. After
spending some years there they bought a farm in Rutland, where their son
George was born. From there they removed to Carthage, where he remained
until the age of 14 years; then going to Watertown he became a clerk in the
store of Cady & Hawks. From there he went to New York, when, at the age of
20, he became junior member of the dry goods house of Eno, Roberts & Co.
Unfortunately the house did a large business in the South, and at the time
of the Rebellion was, with so many others, a victim. He then engaged in the
tea-business, and for more that 20 years successfully conducted one of the
largest trades of the kind in New York city. His success in business was
largely owing to his honor and integrity. His only capital at the beginning
was the possession of those virtues in a marked degree. Early in life he
married Amelia A., the only daughter of James P. Hodgkins, and for 35 years
spent an exceptionally happy married life in Brooklyn. Perhaps we can
better portray his true character by giving what his neighbors and friends
said of him at his death, which occurred December 6, 1892: "He was all that
constituted a great man--in strength of character, in majesty and culture of
intellect, in refinement and tenderness of manly affection, in his firm
devotion to the sentiments of truth. He possessed a wealth of manhood that
made him stand in reality, as he did in physical stature, head and
shoulders above the multitudes. He was a man who would have graced the
highest position in our nation, but who cast aside flattering offers of
political honors. He preferred the quiet of his family and companionship of
his books. He was diligent in business, generous with his means, and has
left an indellible influence for good upon the young wherever his character
NICHOLAS WAGONER, a prominent resident of Carthage and Wilna for 35 years,
was born July 12, 1828, at Fort Plain, N. Y., the son of William and Leah
Wagoner. He was one of a large family of children, and when about 15 years
of age came with his parents to Natural Bridge and assisted at clearing and
stocking the farm. He became tired of agricultural pursuits and in 1850
removed to Carthage and purchased a canal boat. Success attended his
efforts. For many years he was the only coal dealer in Carthage. In 1853 he
married Miss Ellen P. Levis, daughter of the late William P. Levis (who
came to Carthage in 1837, and died in 1873). Mr. Wagoner's children are: E.
C. Wagoner, Carrie (Mrs. George Manchester, of Pittsburg, Pa.), and Grace.
Mr. Wagoner was a firm Republican, and was often called to fill positions
of trust. He was president of the village three terms, trustee of the
village 17 terms, and at the time of his death in 1886, was the village and
town assessor, which office he had held for many years. For a number of
years he was treasurer of the Carthage Union Agricultural Society. "Nick,"
as he was familiarly called, was the friend of everybody and universally
beloved and esteemed. His widow resides in Carthage with her son.
DR. ELI WEST was a native of Hampton, Washington county, N. Y., and was
born July 26, 1792. He became a resident of Carthage in 1816, and for many
years was a well known and popular physician, a justice of the peace and a
leading citizen. He was the first Master of Carthage Lodge No. 158, F. A.
M., upon its first institution in 1850. His son, Eugene West, was
postmaster at Carthage at one time, and DeWitt C., another son, became a
prominent merchant at Lowville, Lewis county, and was president of the
Utica & Black River R. R. Dr. West died in Carthage, July 23, 1866, aged 74
JESSE E. WILLIS was born in Berne, Albany county, N. Y., in March, 1821,
where he resided until 13 years of age, at which time his father came to
Carthage, and engaged in the manufacture of axes. At 21 Jesse served an
apprenticeship at the blacksmith's trade in Antwerp. In 1844 he married
Betsey Seymour, and removed to Somerville, St. Lawrence county. In 1862 he
was appointed quartermaster, with the rank of captain, in the volunteer
service of the Union army. He was assigned to duty at Keokuk, Iowa, and was
mustered out at the close of the war. In 1868 he returned to Carthage. In
February, Captain Willis was appointed postmaster at Carthage, which
position he held for 17 consecutive years. He nearly lost his life by
falling from the tower of the Presbyterian church. In 1853 he was elected
Member of Assembly. His first wife died in 1875, after which he married
Miss Mary E. Miller. Mr. Willis died May 13, 1889.
MANLY LOOMIS is one of the earliest settlers of the village of Carthage. He
knows of no man who was a resident when he came, in 1841. He was born
September 7, 1817, of English descent, and the son of Alvin Loomis, who
came to Champion in 1832. In 1857 Manly started the manufacture of
carriages, in which business he has been interested longer than any other
person in the town. Carthage was called "Long Falls," and had no shade
trees or sidewalks when he came. Mr. Loomis is an Abolitionist, and in
early days the colored man found a shelter with him. He was at one time
candidate for Member of Assembly on the Abolition ticket. He is a strong
temperance man, and at the age of 77 is still an active business man. He
married Rachel Baldwin, of Albany, N. Y., in 1839. Their children are:
George (deceased), Stoel W., Jay A., Laura and Lucelia, wife of Frank G.
Willis, who resides in Evansville, Ind. George served three years in the
2nd N. Y. Heavy Artillery, and died in September, 1894. He never entirely
recovered from the hardships endured while in the army. Stoel also served
in the 2nd N. Y. Heavy Artillery, and held the office of corporal and
sergeant. Stoel is in business with his father, and Jay is also an
enterprising business man.
JOHN S. EDWARDS was born in Trumbull, Conn., March 23, 1803, coming from
the family that produced the celebrated Jonathan Edwards. During the early
part of his life he taught school, and afterwards engaged in mercantile
business at Stephney, Conn. In the spring of 1828 he removed with his wife
(whose maiden name was Climena Nichols) to Black Lake, St. Lawrence county,
N. Y., where he carried on a general store and hotel. The postoffice of
Edwardsville was established about this time, he being the first
postmaster. In 1837 Mr. Edwards purchased 62,000 acres of land, being part
of the McComb purchase, and soon after removed to Antwerp, and thence to
Plainfield, N. J., where he resided until 1846, in which year he was
appointed agent by Dr. Austin Sherman, of New York, for the sale of certain
lands owned by him in Jefferson county. He then removed to Carthage, where
he resided (with the exception of three years spent in Albany, N. Y.) until
the time of his death, May,1893. Mr. Edwards was much esteemed in the
community, where he had repeatedly been elected to local offices on the
Democratic ticket. For many years he was a member of the First Baptist
Church of Carthage. His daughter. Mrs. Amanda Manning, died March 9, 1895.
She was thc oldest of five children, and much respected.
FOSTER PENNIMAN was born in Black River, May 13. 1824. He is the son of
Zurial Penniman, who came from Keene, Vt. Foster has been a resident of
Wilna for 54 years. He moved to Carthage about 1887. He has been supervisor
of the town two terms and held many minor town offices. He married Esther
Pierce, of Black River, and their children are: Charles, who occupies the
homestead in Wilna, and Nancy, wife of Charles Strickland, of Denmark. Mr.
Penniman is much respected by his neighbors and friends.
REMSEN R. BROWN, for many years a hotel-keeper in Jefferson county, and for
the past 35 years a resident of Carthage, was born in Sharon, Schoharie
county, N. Y., in 1810. He was the son of Peter and Mary (Loucks) Brown.
Remsen R. Brown came into Jefferson county in 1818 with his parents, who
settled in the town of Antwerp at what is now known as Bentley's Corners.
There his father and mother reared a large family of children, an of whom
are now deceased except Remsen R., who remained at home with his father
until 1821, when he went to Alexandria Bay and entered the employ of
Chauncey Westcott, one of the first inn-keepers upon the great river. In
this county he was first known as an hotel-keeper at Felts Mills. He came
to Carthage in 1854 and purchased the Horace Henry hotel, then a small
hostelry, which Mr. Brown enlarged and kept until 1861, the fire of that
year totally destroyed it. One month after the fire he began to rebuild,
and in a little over three months he put up what is now the Levis House. In
1870 he sold that property, and retired from hotel-keeping. He is now in
his 85th year, enjoying good health, and having the appearance of a man of
65. His wife is still spared to share his earthly pilgrimage. She has been
faithful to the fortunes of her husband in all seasons and under all
LOUIS FREDERICK BACHMAN, for many years a leading business man of Carthage,
was born in Plenschitz, Germany, January 24, 1840. He was the son of John
Bachman, and came with his parents when but 10 years of age to Naumburgh,
Lewis county. He was in the stores of F. G. Connell and Bones & Frederick
until the opening of the war, when he enlisted in Company D, 10th N. Y.
Heavy Artillery, receiving promotion from time to time, and discharged in
1864 as quartermaster sergeant. After the war he studied pharmacy in the
West, and returning to Carthage in 1865, again entered the employ of Bones
& Frederick. He purchased Mr. Bones' interest on the death of the latter,
and entered into business under the firm name of Frederick & Bachman. This
firm was dissolved in 1877, when Mr. Bachman opened a drug store across the
street, which he occupied until his death, April 9, 1888. He married Miss
Vina Scheffry, of Wilna, January 24, 1872, and they have three children,
all of whom survive him. Mr. Bachman was a conscientious Christian
gentleman. He was devotedly attached to the M. E. Church, in which he was a
consistent member, carrying out the injunction to be "diligent in business,
serving the Lord."
JOHN WHALING, the present postmaster at Carthage, was born in the town of
Philadelphia, July 29, 1851, and is the son of John Whaling, who came to
this country in 1848, and died in 1872. John was reared on a farm near
Philadelphia, and has been a life-long resident of the county. After having
the advantages of the common schools, he attended Ives Seminary, at
Antwerp. The efficient and obliging manner in which he filled the position
of deputy postmaster under L. H. Mills, and afterward that of acting
postmaster, won the respect of the public, proving him to be a
clear-headed, progressive business man. He has been chosen three times to
represent the town of Wilna as its supervisor. He is interested in a stock
farm near Philadelphia, and is secretary of the Carthage Driving Park
Association. He is a member of the firm of Walsh & Whaling, furniture
dealers who carry a large stock of goods.
LEWIS H. MILLS, a prominent and successful business man of Carthage, was
born in Kent county, Conn., the son of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Webster Mills.
Early in life he developed the sterling business qualities of his New
England parentage, and at 18 started out for himself. He was married, May
16, 1851, to Fidelia Pitkin, of Hartford, Conn., and came soon after to
Sterlingville, this county, and engaged in merchandise with his uncle, Ezra
Shipp. After various business ventures at Harrisville, Lowville and Great
Bend, he purchased the Walton House and store at Sterlingville. In April,
1864, his wife died. At Sterlingville he carried on the iron business for
several years, coming to Carthage in 1869, and with Mr. Gere, from
Syracuse, purchased the old furnace property, and organized the Carthage
Iron Company. They carried on the iron business for many years. In 1865 Mr.
Mills married Julia A. Sterling, daughter of James Sterling, one of the old
iron masters of Jefferson county. At the time of his death Mr. Mills was
extensively engaged in the lumber business in Carthage. On Christmas day,
1888, he dropped dead in his store. In 1886 he had been appointed
postmaster, and held that position at the time of his death. He had two
sons by his second wife, Louis and Antoine, the latter a law student with
Hon. Mr. Kilby.
HENRY FLINT, long a resident of North Wilna, has resided there for the past
20 years. He is the son of Oliver and Sally (Scofield) Flint. He was born
and resided in the town of LeRay. He had the benefit of the common schools,
but this privilege was gained only by walking six miles each day, milking
10 cows night and morning, but he utilized his evenings by studying his
books by the light of a tallow candle. The Judge is a little proud in
relating the obstacles that he overcame in obtaining an education. He has
remained a farmer all his life, and owns one of the best farms in North
Wilna, but he has also been a local politician, and is now, as he has been
for several years, a leading Democrat of Wilna. The recent landslide that
has overtaken his party was a dissappointment to him, but he does not waver
in his devotion to Hill and his fortunes. He has been justice of sessions
for two terms, and was for three years a justice of the peace, and has held
many minor positions in his town. The Judge is now 55 years of age, has
reared a family of four children, all daughters, and they are all married
and settled in life.
SAMUEL LOOMIS was born in Connecticut, and was an early settler in the town
of Champion. He married Sally Sanders, who was born in Halifax, Vt., and
came to Champion in 1807, residing near Pleasant Lake. She died near
Carthage in 1875. Samantha, the only surviving child, was born in Champion
in 1814, and married Abram Smith, taking up their residence in Denmark. In
1852 Mr. Smith went to California, and was killed by a land-slide in 1854.
They had two daughters: Cledectine, who died in 1857, and Sarah M., wife of
Nelson Lamphear. Nelson has three children: Burton, Fanny and Fred. Mrs.
Smith has resided in Carthage and vicinity during the past 30 years with
her daughter, Mrs. Lamphear. Corinna Loomis, another daughter of Samuel
Loomis was born in 1807, and married, when19 years of age, Hiram Lamphear,
whom she survived a few years and again married William Bassett of Denmark.
She died in Carthage, in 1883.
PALMER SCOTT was born in Massachusetts in 1802. He married Betsey Jones,
from the State of Maine, and came to Felts Mills. In 1846 they came to
Carthage, where they resided until their death. Mr. Scott was a tanner by
trade, and filled acceptably minor offices in the town, and was overseer of
the poor. He died in April, 1880, aged 78 years. His wife died in 1872,
aged 72 years. Their children are: William J., Lewis W. and Elbridge G.,
well-known and respected citizens of Carthage and vicinity. Elbridge, who
was deputy postmaster for 13 years, died in January, 1888, aged 50 years.
MRS. DANIEL BELLINGER has been a resident of Carthage for 41 years. Her
maiden name was Mary S. Hyne. She was married October 2, 1831, and was born
in Montreal. After her marriage and a residence in New Jersey and other
places, they finally came to Carthage. Mr. Bellinger was a tanner by trade,
and died August 29, 1861. Of Mrs. Bellinger's six daughters, five are
living. At the age of 88 years, Mrs. Bellinger is a remarkably intelligent
lady, spending her declining years in the Christian's hope, surrounded by
her descendants to the second and third generation.
VICTOR SALTZMAN AND WIFE, an old Swiss couple, came to Carthage in 1829.
They lived in a log house, about one and a half miles from Carthage, on the
road to the " Checkered House." There were, at that time, but two dwellings
between the Hammond House, where the Baptist Church now stands, and the
Saltzman's, namely, the Guyot house, where the circus ground now is, on
State street, and the old Carr house, which stood just above Carr Hill, one
mile from the bridge in Carthage. The Checkered House was kept at that time
by John Morris, a man who weighed upwards of 300 pounds. He afterwards kept
the lower tavern in Carthage, which stood on the corner of State and Water
streets. This same Checkered House was kept by another very fat man, by the
name of Reuben Rice, who also came to Carthage afterwards, and kept the
lower hotel. This Mr. Saltzman had two sons, Charles and August N., and two
daughters, Mary Ann and Eliza. Charles lived in Carthage until within a few
years, and died at an advanced age. August was a very active, bright boy,
and at 17 was sent to Switzerland to learn the watch making trade. In 1840
he opened a watch repairing shop in Carthage. He married Miss Minerva
Auburn, a very handsome blond, and went to New York city in 1845 or 1846.
There he opened a wholesale watch establishment, under the firm name of A.
N. Saltzman & Co. He invented a watch, which was well and favorably known
all through the country as the "Saltzman Swiss watch" It is now considered
the best watch in the market, but too high priced for the present day. He
became very wealthy, and resides in Paris. His wife is dead. Mary Ann
married for her first husband a French gentleman by the name of Vuillaum,
by whom she had one son Victor Vuillaum. The latter married the widow of
the late Charles T. Hammond, and now resides in Florida. For her second
husband she married a Canadian Frenchman, by the name of Julius Marseil, by
whom she had a daughter, Elese, and a son Eugene. Eliza Saltzman, who was a
very handsome woman, married John Pooler, who was half brother to the late
Hiram McCollom. Mr. Pooler also became wealthy, and is now deceased. None
of the family live near Carthage, save August, a son of Charles, and a
grandson of the old man, Victor Saltzman.
JAMES H. WILBUR was born in Lowville, N. Y., October 7, 1838, and was
educated in the common schools and in Lowville Academy. He learned the
printer's trade and worked for several years in offices of local papers. In
1858 he sailed for Oregon, by way of the Isthmus of Panama. At the city of
Portland, in partnership with W. B. Taylor, he commenced publishing the
"Portland Daily Morning News," said to be the first daily morning paper
ever published in Oregon. In 1860 his health failed and he was obliged to
return East, where he worked on Lowville papers and on the Carthage
Republican, which paper he purchased in 1868, and later sold an interest in
the same to Mr. M. M. Williams. In 1864 he was married to Miss Elvira
Edwards, daughter of John S. Edwards. In 1872 the Republican was sold to S.
R. Pratt, and Mr. Wilbur, on account of ill-health, was obliged to retire
from active life.
VIRGIL BROOKS was among the early settlers of the village of Carthage. He
was American born and came in 1820. Mr. Brooks was a sober, industrious and
kind-hearted man, and always enjoyed the confidence and respect of all who
have known him. He was a justice of the peace for many years, and was
always called "Squire Brooks." He was president of the village trustees and
an exemplary member of the Presbyterian Church. He died February 5, 1865,
aged 75 years. For many years he acted as marshal or director of funerals.
In those days the dead were placed upon a bier and borne on the shoulders
of able-bodied men.
The Brooks house stood on the corner of State and School streets, on the
present site of John Norton's house, near which was a well of excellent
water, which with another in front of the old Cutler house (where the
Hammond homestead now stands), afforded the only good drinking water in
that part of the town. The old "Brooks' well" is surrounded by many tender
memories of early Carthagenians. Mr. Brooks had two daughters, Salina and
Hannah. He had five sons: Alonzo, Lorenzo, Monroe, Virgil and Ormando.
Virgil died at the age of 16. Alonzo joined the patriots, and was taken
prisoner by the Canadians, and banished with many others to Van Dieman's
land. After remaining a few years he escaped and returned to Carthage, but
was always in great fear of recapture. Monroe and Ormando both became
acceptable Methodist ministers.
JAMES WARD was born in New York city. August 8, 1801. When about two years
of age he came to the town of LeRay. He was of a retiring disposition and
did not seek prominence, refusing all offers of a public or political
nature. He bought a farm near Evans Mills, the present home of his son,
Buel Ward, and finally became a real-estate broker and a money lender, in
which he accumulated a fine competence. He married, in 1825, Lovina
Barbour, of Champion. Their wedded life covered a span of 55 years. Mrs.
James Ward was a model wife and mother. She was well-read in history, and
possessed a fund of general information which rendered her a most agreeable
companion and friend. Out of a family of 11 children, but one is deceased,
and the youngest has lived to be 48. Mrs. Ward died at the age of 80, and
Mr. Ward in his 80th year. The last 17 years of his life were spent in
Carthage, where both he and his wife died.
SANFORD LEWIS was born in the town of Wilna, and was the son of Stephen and
Sophia Lewis, who were among the first settlers. Stephen built the hotel in
North Wilna, and his father built one previously near by. Sanford Lewis had
five daughters: Emeline (Mrs. E. H. Olmstead); Adelaide (Mrs. John Freeman.
of Great Bend); Mary (Mrs. Andrew Dickson); Libbie B. (Mrs. Charles Sarvey,
of Carthage); Ada, Mrs. W. M. Maine, of North Wilna. Mr. Lewis died in
1891. He was postmaster at North Wilna for many years, and the oldest in
the State at the time of his death.
EDGAR B. WILLIS, son of Amos Willis, the daguerrean, served in the 35th
Regiment. He was shot through the face and reported killed and his funeral
sermon preached in Carthage. Pieces of shell were taken from the wound
which weighed 3-1/2 oz., which he carried 64 days. He rallied and came home
and lived several years.
CHRISTOPHER S. POOR was for many years a respected citizen of Deer River
and Carthage. He came to Carthage about 1870, and there he spent the
remainder of his life. Mr. Poor was a builder and contractor, and to that
business he gave his best energies. In 1844 he married Miss Maria Clark, of
Denmark. They were burned out in the great fire at Carthage. Mr. Poor died
in October, 1887. His widow still survives him, and is a very interesting
and lovable character. Both her and her husband were nearly all their lives
consistent members of the M. E. Church, to which Mr. Poor was an unusually
liberal contributor. Mrs. Poor still maintains her residence in Carthage,
but spends her summers in her neat cottage at Thousand Island Park, where
she is as well known and as much respected as at her home in Carthage. Her
father was William Clark, of Denmark, Lewis county, N.Y.
FRANKLIN P. EVANS, special surrogate of Jefferson county, has been a
citizen of Carthage for the past 29 years. He was born in Trenton, N. Y.,
the son of John and Louisa Evans, whose ancestors came into Oneida county
early in the century. Frank was educated in the common schools, completing
his education in the Union Free School of Carthage. He studied law with
Capt. Welch and A. H. Francis, being admitted to the bar in 1876. He is a
popular young man. He married, in 1877, Miss Josephine N., the youngest
daughter of Dr. Spaulding, of Watertown.
CHARLES P. RYTHER was born at Evans Mills in 1833. His father was Peter H.
Ryther, a noted mechanic of Evans Mills, who removed to Theresa about 1845,
and there, Chas. P. reached his majority. He came to Carthage in 1868,
where he has since resided. Soon after coming to Carthage he purchased an
interest in the firm of Brown & Bliss. In 1871 Mr. Pringle was received
into partnership, when the firm became Brown, Ryther & Pringle.
Subsequently the Brown interest was purchased by the other partners, and
the firm became Ryther & Pringle. The business is general machinery. Mr.
Ryther has been quite a politician. He has been president of the village.
At the time of the Carthage fire he was made chairman and treasurer of the
relief committee. His labors were onerous, but he gave general
satisfaction--a thing hard to accomplish under such trying circumstances.
Mr. Ryther has been twice married. His first wife was Miss Mary M. De
Groat, and she died in 1889. He married Mrs. Georgiana Stevens in December,
DR. FRANKLIN EVANS ROBINSON was born in Waterloo, N. Y., June 26, 1845. His
father was Evans Robinson, M. D., who was born in Pennsylvania. He
practiced in Rochester, N. Y., and other cities for nearly 40 years, dying
in Rochester in 1884. Franklin Evans, the subject of this sketch, was
educated principally in the common schools, then in Prof. Vroman's school,
in West Geneva, N. Y.; then in Lima, Livingston county, where he completed
his scholastic education. His medical education he received partly at the
University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, afterwards a course in homeopathy at
Cleveland Homeopathic College. He began practice in Brooklyn, N. Y., where
he resided for 15 years, practicing both in New York and Brooklyn. He was
married in 1881 to Miss Lillie Ludlam, of Oyster Bay, Long Island. The
delicate health of a favorite daughter induced Dr. Robinson to visit the
Adirondack region for the benefit of his child, which brought him
incidentally to Carthage. He purchased the extensive and valuable property
he now occupies in the suburbs of Carthage, comprising 68 acres and running
a full fourth of a mile on the river front, capable of being utilized for
manufacturing to that extent. He has built a valuable pulp mill, with five
sets of grinders, capable of producing 15 tons of dry pulp per day--equal to
40 tons of wet pulp. He floats his spruce timber down Black river. His
expenditure has reached the large sum of $120,000. The principal part of
his pulp is marketed in the South and West. In company with all other
business occupations, the pulp industries of Black river experienced great
depressions during 1894. The Doctor is a very intelligent, progressive
gentleman, and has his business well in hand. He appears to have made a
success of manufacturing, though not educated for that branch of business.
On the west end of his property Dr. Robinson has built a beautiful
dwelling, where he resides with his family. They have raised three
children, who are all at home.
JOHN HEWITT was the second white child born in Carthage, probably in 1805.
He was an industrious and respected citizen, dying in 1878, in his 73d
year. He married Hepsey Silena Bassett, whose parents came into the county
from Connecticut. They raised three children, one of their sons, Gautier,
being a resident of Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, a trusted employe of
Spreckles, the sugar king. John Hewitt was a brother to Clark Hewitt, who
was long a resident and popular inn keeper in Watertown. His daughter
married Hon. Pardon C. Williams, and is a most estimable and respected lady
DANIEL POTTER was born in Connecticut in 1801. His brothers were John and
Cicero, and Thankful was his sister. He was married in Gouverneur, St.
Lawrence county, February 1, 1831, to Miss Almira, daughter of Angel and
Ruth Potter, and sister of Henry G. and John A. Potter, late of Carthage.
Daniel was supervisor of the town of Champion during the war, residing at
Great Bend, and a merchant and the first postmaster at that place. In 1867
he purchased the brick block on the corner of State and Church streets in
Carthage, where he resided until he died, April 9, 1876, aged 75 years.
Mrs. Daniel Potter is residing in Carthage with her niece, Mrs. Jay A.
Loomis, and is a remarkably smart and intelligent lady for her age. She was
born July 24, 1806, and is 88 years of age. She is one of the oldest
members of the Baptist church of Carthage.
LOUIS FREDERICK GAUDIN came from Switzerland to New York city in 1819. He
married Madeline Buller, who died in that city. His son, Andrew Jackson
Gaudin, was born in New York city, in 1833, and went to Fowler, St.
Lawrence county, when but three years of age. He was afterwards educated
in French in New York city. He came to Carthage in 1874, and followed the
carpenter trade, proving himself an industrious, active man until
unfortunately injured by a runaway horse, from the effects of which he was
rendered helpless for many months and has never fully recovered. He has
very acceptably filled the offices of street commissioner, poor master, and
town, village and school collector for many terms. He was married in
Watertown in 1868 to Lucinda Price, of Amsterdam, and they have three
daughters, Mary E., Emma M. , and Eva L. The two eldest are efficient
teachers. Mr. Gaudin is a Democrat, and by his genial manner has won many
REV. DAVID BOUTWELL WHITE was born in the town of Tully, Onondaga county,
N. Y., April 6, 1831. His early life was spent on a farm with his parents,
Francis V. and Phebe White. During the summer he assisted on the farm. His
mind early turned to religious subjects. In the spring of 1852 he attended
Falley Seminary, at Fulton, N. Y., and graduated from that institution June
28, 1855, as valedictorian of his class. May 7, 1856, he married Sarah H.
VanAllen, of Pillar Point, N. Y. (whose maternal grandfather, Robert
Ackerman, served in thc war of 1812 with several of his sons). The same
year Mr. White was received into the Black River Conference. When the War
of the Rebellion broke out he enlisted as a private, October, 1861, and
assisted in raising a company under Col. O. B. Pierce, with headquarters at
Rome, N. Y. Mr. White was commissioned captain of Company I, 81st N. Y.
Vol. Infantry. In February they were ordered to the field, under General
McClellan, and engaged in the Peninsula campaign of 1862. He was promoted
to major in October, and soon after his command was engaged in the
bombardment of Charleston, S. C. He participated in many important
engagements. August 10, 1864, he was detailed to the command of the 5th
Maryland Regiment. In February he was commissioned lieutenant colonel. The
regiment was mustered out of service, August 31, 1865. For meritorious
services, President Johnson conferred upon him the title of brevet
brigadier-general, July 23, 1867. After further meritorious service he came
to Carthage in 1883 as pastor of the M. E. Church. After a long illness he
died, December 13, 1888, in that village. The children of Mr. and Mrs.
White are: George L., who died November 22, 1887; Lora E., wife of Wm. B.
Kesler; Imogene, who resides in Carthage.
ALONZO H. FRANCIS was born in the town of Champion in 1829. He is the son
of Elijah and Hulda (Andrews) Francis. He read law with Judge Mullin, and
was admitted to the bar in 1854. After 12 years' practice of his chosen
profession at Three Mile Bay he came to Carthage, where he has since
resided. Part of the time he was in partnership with H. J. Welch, and later
with his brother-in-law, Stephen R. Pratt, but has been alone for several
years. He married Miss Sarah R. Ackerman, daughter of Lorenzo and Ruth
Ackerman. Their only children, Alonzo and Alton, died in their youth. Mr.
Francis has been largely interested in real estate of late years. He is a
wise counsellor and a true friend.
RICHARD F. NEARY, one of the oldest merchants of the village of Carthage,
was born in the town of Wilna in 1831. His parents, Farrel and Margaret
Neary, were early settlers near Carthage, and raised a large family of
children, who, having reached the years of maturity, have become valuable
members of society. Richard spent the early years of his life with his
father on the farm. His health failing when about 23 years of age, he went
in company with Peter Foley to California, hoping to be benefited by a
change of climate. Returning to Carthage just after the close of the late
war, much improved in health, he accepted the position of postmaster at
Carthage, which was located in the old Farrington House, long since
removed, and now the site of H. Radin's store. Until the present time, Mr.
Neary has been more or less identified with the business interests of
Carthage. For many years he was a partner in the firm of Horr & Neary, and
now of the dry goods merchants, Neary & Byrne. He married Miss Eliza Hepp,
of Carthage. Mr. Neary is a highly-respected citizen.
ANDREW B. VIRKLER came to Carthage in 1892, and is one of its most
enterprising business men, an extensive dealer in butter, cheese and
produce. He has been a practical cheese-maker all his life, and built
several factories in the West. Of French descent, he was born in the town
of Croghan, Lewis county, April 30. 1856, and is the son of John and
Barbara Virkler. In 1893 he married Miss Hattie C. Smith, daughter of
Walter C. Smith, of Adams, and formerly a teacher in West Carthage public
school. Mr. Virkler purposes to make Carthage his future home.
HANNAH C. HULBERT, better known to the present residents of the town of
Wilna as "Granny Davis," was a prominent character on account of her
extreme old age. Her maiden name was Hannah Christiana Staley. She was of
Dutch parentage, and several times married. She once resided in Wyoming,
Pa., and moved to Johnstown about the time of the French and Indian Wars of
1756-63. In the Revolution she was supposed to have been captured by the
Indians. Her first husband's name was Shove; the second was named Dobson;
the third, Davis, and the fourth, Hulbert. She was over 80 when married the
last time. Hulbert was a Revolutionary soldier, and, as his widow, she drew
a pension for 20 years. She was the mother of 17 children. At the age of 80
she was able to do the work of a strong man. She was a member of the
Lutheran Church. She died at the residence of John Nobles, in Wilna,
November 29, 1862, and is supposed to have been 115 years of age. She had
almost entirely lost her sense of hearing, but when her attorney called on
pension business, if the magic word " pension" was spoken in her ear at the
top of the voice, her face would lighten up. Thus we see that the love of
money remains in the human breast to the end of days, and "Granny Davis"
was no exception.
ANTHONY WALSH was born in Ireland, county Mayo. He came to this town in
1832, and was an honest, hard-working man, a shoemaker by trade. He married
Mary McManus. This couple were blessed with triplets, in August, 1844.
Governor William H. Seward, who was in the village to address a political
meeting, the guest of Patrick Stewart, expressed a desire to see them on
being informed of the unusual event. He called, in company with the late
Hon. Marcus Bickford, and named them after members of his own family:
Frances Seward, Cornelia Seward and Harriet Weed. Their mother dying soon
after, they were sent to the Catholic Orphan Asylum, at Utica, N. Y;
Frances and Cornelia grew into womanhood, the latter now residing in
Clinton, N. Y.. Gov. Seward, a few years after naming them, sent each a
present of a gold-clasped Catholic Bible and $50 in money. The other
children of Anthony Walsh are: Anthony, who served in the late war in the
14th N. Y. Artillery, and was wounded at Spottsylvania; James H. Walsh, who
also served in the late war, and is commander of the Carthage G. A. R. Post
for 1895, and Mrs. Martin Leach. These all reside in Carthage. Anthony
Walsh, Sr., died several years ago. His genial good humor made him many
MRS. HANNAH (PRATT) SMITH was born in Shutesbury, Mass., in 1792. She
married James Smith in 1815. They came to Carthage in 1837. Mr. Smith
conducted the tannery afterwards operated by Dickerman & Reed on Tannery
Island. After accumulating a sufficient competence he retired from
business. He died in 1855, aged 65 years. Mrs. Smith survived her husband
many years and resided at the homestead at the intersection of School and
Church streets, which was destroyed in the great conflagration of 1884. At
that time many relics, highly valued, as well as the most of her household
goods, were destroyed. Mrs. Smith was a valued and active member of the
Baptist church of Carthage, and was well acquainted with its early days.
She united in her native town in her 18th year. She died in 1891, aged 99.
She retained her memory until the last, but her eye-sight was somewhat
impaired. She entertained her grand-children and great-grandchildren with
reminiscences of George Washington. Her general knowledge made her an
entertaining hostess or guest. The children of Mr. and Mrs. James Smith
are: Susan (Mrs. H. G. Potter), Sophia (Mrs. S. S. Davis, of Carthage);
James W., of Brooklyn; Julia, Mrs. A. H. Spencer, who died in New York in
1891; Frances M. (Mrs. George A. Lathrop, of New York city); Amelia (Mrs.
Theodore Shotwell, of Brooklyn); Augustus M who died in 1861. The
descendants of Mrs. Smith are numerous and are universally respected.
Francis, a son of Mrs. Lathrop, is an artist of note, and George Parsons
Lathrop, another son, the well-known writer, married Miss Rose, daughter of
the distinguished Nathaniel Hawthorne.
JOHN L. NORTON was born in Alexandria in 1835, and is the son of John and
Pamelia (Gordon) Norton. He received his early education in the common
schools, and finished it at the Orleans Academy, at LaFargeville, N. Y. At
the early age of 15 he began a clerkship in a store at Rossie, remaining
there a year and a half, and then went to Redwood where he accepted a
position with Joseph Buckbee, with whom he remained five years. Then he
made an engagement with Candee & Winslow, at Watertown, with whom he
remained three years. From Watertown he returned to Redwood and bought W.
W. Butterfield's interest in the firm of Butterfield & McAllister, when the
firm became Norton & McAllister. He remained there during the Civil War and
then sold to G. E. McAllister and came to Carthage, in 1866, and started a
new store in company with his brother George, but subsequently bought his
brother's interest, the latter going west. During the last year of the war
he, with a party of friends, visited the track of those armies which put an
end to the rebellion. In 1858 Mr. Norton was married to Helen A., daughter
of Lawrence DeZeng. They have two children, Adda B., now Mrs. Charles L.
Sleight, of Wilkesbarre, Pa., and Lawrence D. Norton. who is his father's
valued book keeper and assistant. Mr. Norton is a high degree Mason and
universally respected--a wholesome man to have in the town. His interest
in social life is evidenced by his activity as a Mason and in his
unflagging attention to the cause of education, he having been for several
years president of the Board of Education.
LAWRENCE JOSEPH GOODALE, who has resided in the village of Carthage the
greater part of his life, was born in Watertown, February 20, 1816. After
receiving a liberal education he entered Union College, Schenectady, in
1835. In 1838 he commenced the study of law in the office of Sterling &
Bronson at Watertown, and was admitted to the bar in 1840. Soon afterward
he came to Carthage to enter upon the practice of his profession. September
1, 1842, he married Isabella, daughter of Patrick Somerville Stewart. In
1842 he formed a partnership with Micah Sterling in Watertown under the
name of Sterling & Goodale. Later he entered into a partnership with Joseph
Mullin. July 4, 1853, Mr. Goodale established himself as a lumber dealer in
New York city, where he also opened a law office. He remained in that city
eight years. He returned to Carthage, in 1864 and became the agent of
Vincent LeRay de Chaumont, whose affairs have been settled under Mr.
Goodale's administration. He represented them for about 30 years. As
counselor he has been appointed executor and administrator in the
settlement of several estates. Since the organization of the Carthage
Savings Bank he has been its president and also a director. He is familiar
with the early development of the region about Carthage. Mrs. Goodale died
in Carthage, April 30, 1891. She was a lady of decided independence of
character, possessing, many excellent qualities, and her decease, after a
short illness, was a grief to her friends.
LEWIS CHAMBERS came to Carthage in 1850. Both he and his brother Hiram were
carpenters, and took the contract for the first M. E. Church on State
street, of which they were official members. Polly, wife of Lewis, was a
sister of Christopher Poor, and for over 40 years a resident of Carthage.
She died May 12, 1893. Hiram Chambers went to Washington, as a nurse,
during the war in 1864. He married Nancy Johnson. Both of the brothers and
their families have left a blessed memory.
DEACON JONATHAN OSBORN, on the 11th day of May, 1842, came with his family
to North Wilna, where he lived until his death in 1856. He was born at
Scotch Plains, N. J., in 1790. In 1815 he was married to Amelia VanDeemen
in New York city. The father of both John B. Osborn and Abram VanDeemen
served in the war of the American Revolution. Jonathan Osborn's family was
as follows: Amelia E., wife of Dr. George Hubbard, deceased; Ann Judson,
Mrs. Slater; Spencer C., Abram C., a distinguished clergyman of the Baptist
church; Gen. Thomas W., and Mary E., deceased wife of Dr. Samuel Merrill.
Jonathan Osborn was a man of much learning and broad information. His
habits of thought tended toward ecclesiastical subjects and literature, and
from his superiority in these he acquired prominence in church circles. In
1817 he united with the Baptist church at Scotch Plains, and a few years
after was ordained deacon. He was elected to minor offices, both in New
Jersey and Jefferson county. Directly under his guidance and influence the
North Wilna Baptist church was organized, and through many years he was its
main reliance and support. In all ways, in integrity, morally and
intellectually, he was among the foremost men in the eastern part of the
DR. HORATIO S. HENDEE, for many years a resident of Carthage, was born in
Greig, Lewis county, in 1829. He graduated from Castleton (Vt.) Medical
College. In the summer of 1860 he visited England and France, and spent
some time in Edinburg, Scotland, and at Paris. In September, 1862, he was
appointed acting surgeon of volunteer artillery, and was assigned to the
15th New York Heavy Artillery. In 1872, while residing in Carthage, he was
elected Member of Assembly, and served with ability. His first wife was
Miss Sarah E. Myers, daughter of James Myers, of Denmark, who died in
Carthage. He married, in 1872, Miss Ella, daughter of James Ward, of
Carthage. Two children were born to them. His present wife has a daughter,
Miss Ruth. Dr. Hendee died in Lowville in 1892, aged 63 years.
ISAIAH WOOD.--Not to be lacking in any modern development, Carthage has
her own centenarian. Mr. Isaiah Wood was born in 1794, and his 100th
birthday was commemorated at the residence of his son, July 21, 1894, by
kindly visits from many appreciative friends. Mr. Wood came of good old
Scotch parentage, and seems to have inherited the sturdy characteristics of
that race. His parents removed from Albany county shortly before his birth
to Canetuck, Canada, 12 miles above Brockville, where his boyhood was
spent. Returning to this country with his parents, they settled in St.
Lawrence county, and there he grew to man's estate and married. He lived in
the vicinity of Hammond and Morristown until 1857, when he moved to
Michigan. After four years he came to Deer River, to reside near his son,
Mr. John B. Wood, now of Carthage, who from that time has made him the
recipient of the most constant care. His health is fair, though sight and
hearing are much impaired. His mind is yet bright and active, but he is
DAVID D. WHITAKER has been a resident of Carthage over 40 years, having
opened a jewelry store in 1851. He is one of the few remaining who were
thus early identified with the earlier business of this place. He was born
in Holland Patent in 1831. He built the block he now occupies, which is
near the C. & A. track, and stands on the site of the old Strong Hotel.
Mrs. Whitaker's maiden name was Martha N. Hubbard, daughter of Samuel
Hubbard, of Champion. They have two daughters, Mrs. Geo. Blake, of
Carthage, and Mrs. W. E. Major, at Brooklyn. Mr. Whitaker is a skillful
work-man, and esteemed by the public.
JOSEPH CROWNER was born in Champion, near Limburg Forks, in 1809. He was
the son of Philip Crowner. Joseph Crowner built the first frame house on
the Alexandria road, 55 years ago. At one time he owned Tannery Island, and
manufactured pumps, ploughs and furnaces. After raising a large family he
died, January 8, 1839, aged, 85 years. He was one of the charter members of
the Masonic lodge.
ZELOTES SIMS has been a business man of Carthage for over 20 years. He was
born in Antwerp in 1835, and is the son of Robert and Jane Sims, and one
of four children. He was a partner with J. B. Wood in the grocery business.
He conducted the Coburn mill in West Carthage one year, and is now
proprietor of a grocery store near the depot. He married Eliza A. Webster,
of South Hammond, who died January 2, 1894, aged 54 years. He has two sons,
George and Arthur.
SANFORD D. HUNT has been a resident of Jefferson county nearly all his
life. He was born in Rodman, the son of H. S. Hunt, one of the oldest
residents of that town, who was at one time post-master at Rodman. He
married Harriet Bailey, of that town. They had four sons in the Union army:
Sanford D., the subject of this sketch, who was an orderly sergeant; DeWitt
C., who served in the 35th N. Y. Vol. Infantry; Horace S., also of the
35th, and its esteemed historian; and Theodore L. Sanford D. came to
Carthage from Antwerp in 1876. He is a tailor, secretary of Carthage
Masonic Lodge and Chapter, and past commander of Steele Post, G. A. R. Mr.
Hunt is a meritorious citizen, and himself and his brothers performed good
service to their country during its hour of greatest need.
LYLE B. BENCE, son of Nicholas and Susan, was born in Wilna in 1835. He
received the usual education in the common schools and afterwards attended
the best schools at Carthage, and one year in the Antwerp Academy. He was a
school-teacher in this northern region when he entered the store of Horace
Hooker, where he was a trusted clerk for seven years. He went to New York
city and became a commercial traveller for his brother. Subsequently he
went to Chicago and became a broker in cigars. In 1891 he returned to
Carthage, residing upon his farm, and removed in 1892 to the village of
Carthage, where he is now an honored resident, having inherited a
comfortable fortune from his brother, who died in 1889. Mr. Bence served in
the 186th N. Y. Vol. Infantry.
SAMUEL J DAVIS came to Carthage from Utica in 1832. He was the son of
William Davis, and was of Welsh parentage. He was chosen to fill many
offices of trust in the village of Carthage, was deputy sheriff six years,
supervisor one term and Member of Assembly in 1846-47. In 1833 he was
married to Laura Thayer, the daughter of Benjamin Thayer, who came to Wilna
in 1824. The children are as follows: Mary Ella, deceased; William, Emily
J. (Mrs. William Cooper, of Felts Mills), Mary Ella (Mrs. Norman Foot
Mills, of Lowville), and Samuel J . Davis, Jr., deceased. Mr. Davis was an
estimable citizen, an enterprising, upright man. Although a straightforward
Democrat, he was liberal in his views and kind and obliging. Mrs. Davis
survives her husband at the age of 82, a remarkably intelligent lady, as
her husband was an unusually intelligent man.
JAMES H. DAWLEY was born in the State of Maine in 1824, the son of William
Dawley, who removed from Montgomery county, N. Y., in 1819, to the town of
Wilna. James H. was brought up on a farm, and had the benefits of the
common school education of his native town, attending for one term the
academy of Prof. Wilbur at Carthage. He taught school for several years. In
1847 he married Miss Orphelia M. Olds, daughter of John Olds, of North
Wilna. They have had three children born to them, two boys and one
daughter. In 1878 he removed from North Wilna to Carthage. He has held the
office of justice of the peace in the town of Wilna for 33 years, and has
been police justice of the village of Carthage for the past 12 years. Mr.
Dawley took an active part in enlisting men for the Union army and has in
many ways shown himself to be an honorable, high-minded, conscientious
citizen. He has never been defeated when a candidate for office. When last
named as candidate for justice of the peace, he declined to run, con-
fining his time to the discharge of his duties as police justice.
JOHN CALEB FULTON was born in the town of Wilna in 1843, and was the son of
James and Caroline (Nichols) Fulton, pioneers of that neighborhood. John
was brought up on a farm. He attended the Lowville Academy, and afterward
taught 17 terms. He read law with Starbuck & Sawyer, of Watertown, and
was admitted to the bar in October, 1868. He was married, November 3, 1869,
to Miss M. L. Woodward, of Philadelphia, N. Y. Three of their five children
are living. Mr. Fulton came to Carthage in 1878 and entered into a law
partnership with Mr. Forbes, and after a few months became a partner of
Hon. A. E. Kilby, which firm was dissolved at the expiration of three
years. Mr. Fulton practiced law in Carthage until his death, September 8,
1889, and was considered a wise counselor and faithful friend. His widow
and family reside in Carthage.
COL. ORLIN HOLCOMB was born in the town of Champion in 1815. He is a son of
Lyman and Sally (Dorwin) Holcomb, who came from Granby, Conn., in 1789. In
1840 he was married in Carthage to Maria Macomber, daughter of John M.
Macomber, of Evans Mills, and widow of Mr. Abel P. Collins, of South
Carolina. Mr. Collins left one daughter, Helen, now the wife of Hiram
Houghton, of Carthage. Previous to his marriage, Mr. Holcomb was engaged in
the tanning business, just west of Champion village, and subsequently
resumed the same line of business at Carthage, entering into partnership
with Ambrose H. Spencer. They owned and conducted the tannery on what is
known as Tannery Island, as well as a general store. At the end of three
years the partnership was dissolved. Mr. Holcomb then moved to Buffalo and
dealt in ready-made clothing, but returned in a short time to Carthage. In
1867, in company with Elijah Horr, was established the Horr & Holcomb Bank
in Carthage, which was a reliable and popular institution for 10 years. On
the death of Mr. Horr it was discontinued in 1876, all its indebtedness
having been liquidated. Mr. Holcomb once more turned his attention to the
tanning business, and bought out Noyes Tuttle in West Carthage, and finally
sold to Thomas Revell and L. H. Dunlap. His son, Henry O. Holcomb, died in
1854, aged 10 years. Mrs. O. Holcomb died February 1, 1886, aged 71 years,
and was a noble, Christian woman. In 1887 he married Miss Cordelia Tamblin,
of Watertown, since which time he has resided in that city. They have one
child, Ida Grace, aged four years. Mr. Holcomb is a well-remembered
citizen, better known than many of his contemporaries. He is past 80 years
of age, but is seen upon our streets nearly every day.
JONATHAN WOOD came from Oneida county in 1833, settling in the northern
part of Wilna, at what is now known as Wood's Mills, where he built a grist
and saw-mill, the place taking its name from him. He was proprietor of
these mills for many years, dying there in 1879, aged 87 years, He married
Miss Betsey Davidson, and one of his sons (Franklin), was his assistant in
the mill. He was supervisor of Wilna for one term, assessor for many years,
and a justice of the peace. The postoffice at Wood's Mills is known as
WALTER N. WRAPE was born in Carthage, August 7, 1867. He is the son of
Patrick and Angelia (Mathews) Wrape. His grandfather, Pitt Mathews, was a
business man of Carthage in its early days, and his quaint good humor and
worthy traits of character are still remembered by the older residents.
Walter Wrape has been for several years the trusted bookkeeper of the First
National Bank, and cashier for the Carthage Savings Bank. He is also
secretary of the water commissioners of the village of Carthage, and made
Noble Grand of Carthage Lodge No. 365, I. O. O. F., for 1895. This rising
young man has many friends and the confidence of his townspeople. He
married Miss Myra Cowan, of the town of Wilna.
THE COULSTON BOYS.--In speaking of the fact that Maj. Jno. A. Haddock, of
Watertown, and Hon. Charles L. MacArthur, of Troy, were, in 1839 and 1840,
apprentice compositors in the "Carthagenian " office at Carthage, no
mention has heretofore been made of the "Coulston boys," who were in the
office with these two older ones just before they left Carthage to engage
in the newspaper business upon a larger scale. The Coulston boys were the
sons of a leading builder and carpenter, who died leaving a widow and these
two boys. They were a united and very intelligent family. The boys learned
the art of printing as the foundation of their life-long
vocation--journalism. Edwin was one of the proprietors of the Utica Herald
at the time of its birth, and remained with that paper some time. He
afterwards went to New York, and was successful as a faithful worker upon
the daily press of that great city. He died some 10 years since. Henry W,
was born in Carthage in 1827. He received a good English education, and in
1852 was taken upon Mr. Greeley's New York Tribune. He was a trusted
reporter, and his straightforward honesty soon attracted the attention of
that veteran editor, who often sent him upon important missions. In 1862 he
was sent to the front as war correspondent, and did valiant service as such
until the conflict ended. After over 50 years of work he is still active
and vigorous, and much beloved by all associates, old or young. He has been
furnishing New Jersey news for the World, Tribune, Times, Sun and other New
York and New Jersey papers, and at 65 is hale, sound and hearty, a hard
worker, and a friend to all newspaper men.
JOHN SMITH was one of the oldest and best remembered citizens of Wilna. He
came from New Jersey, and located on a farm about 1823, on road 63. The old
stone house which he built still stands, around which cluster many pleasant
memories of the generous hospitality of the host and of his good wife. John
Smith married Susanna Ryneer, and they had 11 children, Larissa, Eveline,
Julia, Elmira, Madeline, Susanna, John, Jr., Alonzo and Joseph reached
maturity. John Smith died in the old house, aged 84 years. The children of
John Smith married, and became prominent citizens in the town of Wilna.
MRS. MARIANNA SMITH, widow of Alonzo Smith, was the daughter of Jean Disere
Balmont, who was one of the original Castorland settlers. He was born in
the suburbs of San Antoinne, Paris, about 1776, and witnessed some of the
awful scenes at Paris, when 1,400 of the best blood of France passed under
the guillotine in one month. He came to America in 1796, and in 1797 he was
followed by his father and mother. There were only 41 buildings in Utica
when he passed through that city. He took up land at Utica, and remained
there his first year. In 1798 he came to Castorland, where so many French
emigrants had settled. Previous to the removal of the Balmont family from
Paris they were well-to-do people, and had means of their own to be
comfortable wherever they might have settled. But a residence of several
years at Castorland nearly exhausted their means, and in 1803 Mr. Balmont
came to Carthage. His aged mother died in 1802, and the friendship of the
Indians who were then remaining in the county was evidenced by their
attendance at the funeral and taking a respectful interest in the burial.
One of the Balmont family was an intrepid traveller, being the first man
who ever ascended Mt. Blanc, for which he received due credit in the
history of that world.known mountain. The first mill ever brought to
Castorland was brought from France by this same J. V. Balmont. Noadiah
Hubbard, of Champion, a contemporary of Balmont, was known to travel from
Champion to Castorland to get his corn ground in that mill. The sufferings
of the people of Castorland, most of them Parisiennes, coming into that
almost unbroken wilderness, were often pitiable, and particularly hard upon
the women and children. Many tales are told of homesickness and
destitution. These Castorland emigres, for tea used the "evanroot," and for coffee they used the plant
known as "maiden hair." Their main dependence for meat was upon the game
they could kill. The mill named above could only grind corn to a
consistency which the old settlers designated as "samp." The children of
Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Smith are John D., Alexis L. and Louie A. They are all
living. Mrs. Smith resides on the farm where her husband, Alonzo, died,
January 4, 1892, after 40 years of happy married life.
GEORGE O'LEARY was born in Skibbereen, in Western Ireland, in 1813. His
father was a shoemaker. At 19 years of age he came to America, via Quebec.
The first work he did was for old Joshua Babcock, at Felts Mills, father of
H. H. Babcock, of Watertown. In 1836 he married Alice Wood. They reared
five children. In 1837 they removed to Carthage, and established a shop for
manufacturing shoes. He was prospered, remaining three years, when he
removed to Sterlingville, where he remained 14 years, being postmaster and
justice of the peace and deputy sheriff. After his long residence there he
removed to Carthage, where he was a police justice, and has resided many
years. He is quite hale and hearty in his 81st year--a genial old
gentleman. Miss Antoinette Sterling, the distinguished singer, writes from
England that she received her first inclinations towards literature and
voice culture from Mr. O'Leary--a most graceful tribute from a lady whose
musical ability has found recognition both in America and in England.
HUGH DUNLAVA, a soldier of the War of 1812, came to Carthage at an early
day. Thomas, his son, and one of seven children, was for many years a
reliable, skillful work-man in McCollom's nail works, and other machine
shops of Carthage. He married Melissa Butts, of Wilna, and they reared five
children. Both are still residents of Carthage, he at the advanced age of
83, and quite feeble. Edward, another son of Hugh, followed the same
business as his brother Thomas, and served in the late war in Company I,
94th Regiment. He was accidentally killed while at work. Edward's widow
MRS. ANDREW B. CARTER, a native of Wilna, is descended, upon the father's
side, from the Keyes family, her father having been William Henry Keyes. On
her mother's side she is descended from the old Redfield-Sykes-Mansfield
families, all of them much respected and well-remembered citizens of
Watertown. Her husband, Mr. A. B. Carter, has been for many years a
messenger of the American Express company, and is a native of Watertown.
The old homestead was burned in 1885, the year President Benjamin Harrison
was elected, and Mrs. Carter resolved to build a log-house, on the site of
the old Keyes house, commemorative of Gen. Harrison's election. Her
dwelling is unique and commodious. She is a lady of much refinement and
ability, and her mind is well stored with historical and local incidents.
The late William Wirt Sykes was her relative, which makes her a connection,
by marriage, with the distinguished Olive Logan.
JOHN JAMES DEVOIS emigrated from Paris. France, with his wife and one son
Francis, about 1797, and located at Beaver River, Lewis county, N. Y.,
where he died about 1803. In 1808 Francis Devois came to this town with his
mother and located on a farm. He married Margaret Daley by whom he had
eight children. Charles died on the old homestead March 8, 1892. His
mother, Mrs. Devois, died in February, 1893, aged over 80 years. His second
wife Maria (Fulton) Devois, died March 2, 1895, aged 40 years.
AUGUSTUS KESLER has for many years been closely identified with the growth
of the village and its business interests. He was born in Carthage, July
22, 1857. His father was a boot and shoe merchant, and two sons George and
Augustus, succeeded him. The latter retired and purchased the L. H. Mills
saw-mill property, which was afterwards destroyed by fire. He soon rebuilt
and still owns it, manufacturing large quantities of lumber. He built and
placed upon the river the steamboat L. J. Goodale, which is used as a
pleasure-boat in the summer. By his determination and perseverance he was
instrumental in having a law passed declaring Fish and Alder creeks on
Beaver river a public highway for floating logs. These streams had been
previously controled by one party, who required a consideration for the
accommodation of floating down logs. Mr. Kesler has been largely interested
in building and dealing in real estate. He has erected 51 private
residences and one hotel. He was twice elected trustee of the village of
Carthage, serving four years, and has been water commissioner.
LEVI CLARK HUBBARDwas born in Champion, October 5, 1836. His father, after whom he was named, was one of the early settlers of Champion. His mother
was Polly R. Clark. They had seven children. L. C. Hubbard, as a boy, had a
great desire to receive an education and become a professional man. But his
father with a large family could not bestow the advantage he coveted. The
old adage in this case proved true, "Where there's a will there's a way,"
and Levi Clark, through many discouragements, cultivated his love for books
and developed a talent for writing, becoming a contributor for newspapers,
sometimes in the form of verse. His mother died in Lewis county in 1846. In
1857 he married Harriet L. Gilbert, of Farmersville, Cattaraugus county, N.
Y., who died within a year. When the War of the Rebellion broke out, he was
active in raising volunteers for the 35th Regiment in Carthage. The
hardships of a soldier's life and a disability contracted in that climate
rendered him finally unfit for field duty, and he was appointed messenger
in charge of the mail, which position he held until his discharge, June 11,
1863. He was then married to Jerusha M. Cooley, by whom he had one
daughter, Miss Pearl, who has kept house for her father since her mother's
death, May 12, 1886. Mr. Hubbard entered Albany Medical College in 1880,
and graduated with the class in 1882 with a high rating, receiving his
degree of M. D., also A. B. He was elected poet of his class. He is now a
resident of Carthage and practicing his profession.
HORACE HOOKER, for many years a prominent merchant and leading citizen of
Carthage (where he was born in 1824), was the son of Seth and Calista
(Nimocks) Hooker. His brother Ralph was his partner for several years. The
father, Seth, came from New Britain, Conn., to Carthage about 1817, and
opened a general store and was also post- master. He kept the toll-gate on
the bridge and was an inventive genius. He died in 1882, and his wife in
1888. Horace and the rest of the family were born in the old house near the
bridge, and later resided in the well-remembered stone house which formerly
stood on the site of the Hotel Elmhirst. Horace married Ellen A., daughter
of Rev. Elisha Sawyer, who died in 1868, leaving three daughters. In 1376
he married Pamelia, widow of William C. LeFever, of Carthage. At the time
of his death Mr. Hooker was the oldest merchant in Carthage, antedating Mr.
Frederick one year. He was an active and highly respected citizen, holding
many positions of trust in the town. He died in West Carthage November 12,
1891, aged 67 years, leaving a memory which is free from reproach, and the
world is better for his having lived in it. His widow and three daughters
NELSON D. FERGUSON, M. D., a resident of Carthage almost continuously for
more than four decades, has since early manhood been identified with its
social, business and political interests. He is a physician and surgeon of
acknowledged ability, and considered authority in difficult cases. In the
fall of 1861 he entered the army as a surgeon, and for more than three
years was in active field service. Was taken prisoner and in Libby Prison
for four days, at the expiration of which time he was exchanged. For 16 days
he was in charge of the prison hospital at Richmond. He is a past commander
of Steele Post of Carthage. In 1865 he was Member of Assembly, and for
three years was county clerk. He and his amiable wife are highly respected
and have many friends both in Carthage and at their summer home on the St.
FERNANDO HUBBARD, for many years a merchant of Carthage, is the son of
Heman Hubbard. Fernando's paternal grandmother reached the extreme age of
104, and died in West Carthage in 1877. He married Miss Kate Harris in
1861, now deceased. Mr. Hubbard has held many responsible positions in
Carthage and is an enterprising citizen.
HENRY J. ERVIN,son of Durgas Ervin, was born in Lewis county and brought
up on a farm. He served in the Mississippi squadron over two years. They
were in several engagements at Vicksburg and up the Red River. At the close
of the war he was honorably discharged, and soon after came to Carthage,
where he has been chief of police, constable, and held other minor offices.
In 1876 he was married to Miss Adalaide Stillman, and they have four children.
PATRICK VILLARS was born in Ireland, and has been a resident of Carthage
about 20 years. He was a former resident of Antwerp, where he engaged in
farming. He is with his son Edward in the drug business in Carthage, and
they are among the most respected citizens of that place.
ZEBINA CHAFFEE, son of Clifford, was born in Westminster, Vt., and about
1818 or 1819 came to Wilna and located at Natural Bridge. He was a
carpenter by trade, and assisted in building the Bonaparte house. He died
in 1850. He married Lucy Nutting, of Westminster, Vt., and they had six
children. Ira V., his son, was born in Natural Bridge, June 25, 1821. He
married Eliza, daughter of Stiles Brown, of Diana, Lewis county, in 1850.
Four children were born to them.
CALVIN COWAN, son of Isaac, was born in Lanesborough, Mass., and when young
located in Lewis county, N. Y., where he married Abi Weed, of Lowville. In
1828 he came to the town of Wilna, where he remained but a few years. After
the death of his wife he resided with his son, Herman, until his decease.
He had eight children. Herman Cowan, his son, was born in Depauville, April
1, 1819. In 1846 he married Almira M. Frasier, of Wilna. His wife died in
1888. They had eight children. Mr. Cowan married, second, Mrs. Margaretta
H. Townsend, and they still reside in Wilna.
CRANSON GATES located in the town of Wilna about 1830, settling on a farm,
where he remained a few years, when he removed to the farm now occupied by
W. J. Scott, and here resided until his death. He owned the saw-mill known
as the Gates mill. He reared a family of seven children. Julius K. was born
January 11, 1836. He was the first to enlist from the town of Wilna, in
April, 1861, and served in Company B, 35th N. Y. Volunteers. He is now a
resident of Carthage.
THOMAS BURNS, from Ireland, located in Carthage in 1829. About 1831 he
removed to Lewis county, and two years later returned to Wilna, where he
died in 1880. He followed the occupation of farming. His wife, Catharine
Gormley, bore him 12 children. His son, James W., was born November 16,
1837. In 1864 he enlisted in Company A, 186th Regt. N. Y. Volunteers, and
was discharged June 2, 1865. In 1866 he married Patience, daughter of Isaac
Blanchard. Mr. Thomas Burns has always resided in the town, engaged in the
TRUMAN CROWNER, son of Peter, was born in Washington county, N. Y. He
married Polly Clintsman, and located in Lewis county, where he reared a
family of 10 sons and three daughters. About 1830 he removed to Wilna, and
located near the centre of the town, where he remained until his death.
States Crowner, his son, married Lorinda M., daughter of Orlo Stanard, in
JACOB CLEARWATER, son of Daniel, was born in Marbletown, Ulster county, and
about 1836 came to the town of Wilna, about 1842 he located upon the farm,
on road 79. He married Hester Sheley, of Johnstown, N. Y., by whom he had
five sons and two daughters. He married Helen, daughter of V. P. Hanson, of
Theresa, and they had one son, Victor H.
MILTON H. CARTER, was born in Lewis county, N. Y., in 1807. In 1837, with
his wife, Sarah, he came to Wilna, where he resided until 1848, when he
removed to his farm. Here he resided until 1866, when he removed to
Denmark, Lewis county, where he died in 1874. He was supervisor of Wilna in
1845, and also held other town offices. He had a family of eight children,
six of whom are living. Mr. Carter enlisted in Company E, 20th N. Y.
Cavalry, in 1863, served as quartermaster-sergeant, and was discharged in
the fall of 1864. His son, Norris M. Carter, was a prominent surgeon in the
army, now deceased.
JOHN JOHNSON removed from Oneida county and located in Carthage, where he
resided about 16 years. He was a moulder and iron worker by trade. Of his
seven children, John B. was for many years a merchant in Carthage; Julia A.
married J. P. Hodgkins, of Carthage, and now lives in Brooklyn. N. Y.;
Epaphroditus now resides near Carthage. The latter was born April 3, 1814,
and in 1838 married Martha L. Gates, and settled in Sterlingville, where he
worked at the moulding and iron-working trade. Upon the death of his wife,
about 11 months after their marriage, he removed to Wilna, where he married
Cornelia, daughter of Rev. Harvey DeWolf, and was located upon a farm for
five years. Mr. Johnson enlisted in Company E. 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry,
January 4, 1863, and was discharged November 28, 1865. After an absence of
several years in Pennsylvania, he returned to Carthage and married the
widow of John Grannis, now deceased.
NELSON W. LANPHEAR, son of Jeremiah and Fanny (Fulton) Lanphear, was born
in the town of Wilna, June 16, 1841. In August, 1863, he enlisted in
Company A, 20th N. Y. Cavalry, and was discharged in May, 1865, from
Balfour Hospital. In November, 1870, he married Sarah M., daughter of Abram
and Samantha (Loomis) Smith, and settled on the homestead, where he resided
until 1889, when he removed to Carthage village. He has three children:
Herbert S., Fanny S. and Fred.
GUY E. PENNIMAN, son of Zuriel was born in the town of Rutland January 4
1828. In 1850 he married Madeline M., daughter of John Smith, of Wilna, and
located in this town, on road 75, where he now resides. He has two
children, Guy who resides in Carthage, and Carrie (Mrs. Dexter Crowner).
Zurial Penniman came from Keene, N. H., in 1815.
SOLOMON ASHCRAFT came from Guilford Vt., to the town of Wilna, about 1850
and located at Natural Bridge, where he engaged in the manufacture of broom
handles. He died in 1879, aged 71 years. His son Eugene S., married Amelia
Ann, daughter of Philip Covey. Mr. Ashcraft is a carpenter by trade. When
19 years of age, while hunting in the town of Vernon, Vt., he sustained an
accident to his foot, which necessitated its amputation.
LEVI WOOD, son of Joshua A., was born in LeRay, September 2,1826. He
learned the moulder's trade in Watertown, and in 1851 married Lucinda M.
Hotchkins, and located in Carthage. He served one year in Company D, 10th
N. Y. Heavy Artillery. He married, second, Mrs. Catharine Tripp. His first
wife bore him two children.
JOHN W. OWEN, son of William and Sarah Owen, was born in Felts Mills,
October 28, 1830. He attended the common schools until about 13 years of
age, and then entered the Academy at Canandaigua, where he remained four
years. For two years he practiced medicine in Avon, N. Y., and subsequently
travelled and lectured on hygiene. In 1852 he located in Carthage, where he
is now in practice. He married, first, Elvira Monroe, and second, Ellen Burke.
EBER MAYHUE came from Canada to this town in 1858, and located on a farm.
He followed the dual occupation of blacksmith and farmer. He married
Susannah, daughter of John Smith, by whom he had a daughter, Florence O.,
who married Dan Sterling, and has two children, Julia and Eber.
GEORGE GILBERT, son of Berzilla and Asenath Gilbert, was born December 18,
1828, in the town of Northampton, N. Y. His ancestors were of French and
English descent, and his grandparents were natives of Connecticut. Both of
his grandfathers served in the Revolutionary War. He was admitted to the
bar in June, 1853, and was admitted to practice in the district courts of
the United States in 1862. June 30, 1854, Mr. Gilbert located in Carthage
village. He served as town clerk and justice of the peace one term. From
1861 his influence was with the Republican party. July 7, 1875, Mr. Gilbert
married Hattie C. McAllister, daughter of Harvel McAllister, of Stowe, Vt.,
by whom be had four children. Mr. Gilbert was a prominent citizen of the
town, and was identified with the principal enterprises for its commercial
advancement. It was through his efforts that the requisite legislation was
secured in favor of the construction of the last lock and dam upon what is
known as the "Black River improvement," which was really the completion of
the Black River Canal. He was vice-president, secretary, director, and
general manager of the Black River & St. Lawrence River Railway Company,
whose interests were afterwards merged in the Carthage and Adirondack
Railway Company, and was a member of the first board of directors in the
latter organization. He died at his home, in Carthage, after a brief
illness, March 19, 1890. He was a prominent member of the Presbyterian Church.
DAVID REYNOLDS, son of John, was born in Sligo, Ireland, and about 1830
immigrated with his parents to this country, and located in the town of
Alexandria. He married Lois B., daughter of William Holmes, of Alexandria,
in 1848, and located at Barnes Settlement, and here remained until 1860,
when he removed to Wilna, and bought the farm once occupied by Madam de
Ferriet, and here resided until his death in 1881.
JACOB BLISS was born in Hartwick, Otsego county, N. Y., June 15, 1818, and
in 1827 came with his parents to Watertown. He was married three times,
first to Permelia Tallman, who bore him two children, and died in 1852;
second to Almira Derby, who bore him one child, and died in 1856; and third
to Margaret Kilmer, who bore him one child. He bas been a machinist since
1844, and now resides in Utica. He carried on a machine shop in Bellville,
Canada, six years, and in Watertown eight years. Orlando T. Bliss, son of
Jacob, served in the 10th N. Y. H. A., and was promoted to captain.
C. C. LAKE, son of Jesse, was born in Genesee county, N. Y., May 8, 1838.
In 1862 he removed with his wife to this town, and located at Natural
Bridge, where he engaged in carpentering. August 17, 1864, he enlisted in
Co. A, 186th N. Y. Vols., and was discharged June 13, 1865. He participated
in the battle of Petersburg. He has been justice of the peace several
years, and is now in the manufacturing business.
MOSES C. MERRILL, son of Moses, was born in Connecticut, and about 1806
removed to the town of Champion, where he married Philena, daughter of
Abel and Elizabeth Crandall, and settled on a farm. He was a deacon in the
Baptist church for many years, and died in 1838. His wife died in 1855. He
had a family of 15 children, 13 of whom attained mature years. Moses L.
Merrill, his son, was born in Champion in 1811. Moses had two sons, Erwin
M. and Samuel L. In October, 1861, Erwin M. enlisted as second lieutenant
in Co. I, 94th N. Y. Vols., and resigned September 13, 1862. In 1864 he was
commissioned captain of Co. K, 17th Regt. U. S. Col. Inf., and was mustered
out April 25, 1866. Dr. Samuel Merrill in 1861 commenced the study of
medicine with Dr. G. N. Hubbard. In 1864 he entered the army as a contract
surgeon, and was located at Nashville, Tenn. He graduated at Nashville in
1865, and in May entered the 17th Regt. U. S. Col. Inf. as assistant
surgeon. He then came to Carthage and engaged in the drug business with
his brother, E. M. In 1877 he removed to Mannsville, and remained 10 years,
when he returned to Carthage where he now resides. He married first, Mary
E. Osborn, by whom he had three children, one of whom is living, Mrs.
Foster Wilcox, of Utica. N. Y. He married for his second wife Ellen E.
Brown, of Mannsville. Erwin M. Merrill married Ellen M. Gates, of
Gouverneur, by whom he had seven children. His wife died in 1888. He is
engaged in the drug business in Carthage.
HARRY DAVIS removed from Saratoga county, N. Y., to the town of Pamelia
with his mother, about 1812, and there lived until about 1838, when he
removed to the town of Philadelphia, and settled in Sterlingville. He drove
stage from Watertown to Sterlingville and Antwerp, and was well known in
that locality. He married Martha C. Foster, by whom he has had four
children, three of whom are living, viz.: George N. of Carthage, and James
H. and Martha F. (Mrs. Martin De Tamble), of Carthage. James H. married Ida
A. Van Amber, and they have had three children, one of whom, Hattie L., is
JOSEPH MICK, son of Michael, came to Wilna from New Jersey, about 1829. He
was a moulder, and worked in the foundry, and also purchased and worked the
farm now occupied by George Hosford. He married Alice, daughter of Thomas
Gustin, and they had three children.
JOEL B. HURLBURT, son of Josiah, was born October 20, 1840. He married,
first, Lucena, daughter of Nicholas Mealos, of Antwerp, in 1860, by whom he
had three children. For his second wife he married Cora, daughter of Wesley
Blanchard, of Diana, and they have two children. In August, 1862, Mr.
Hurlburt enlisted in Co. C, 10th N. Y. H. A., and in 1863 was discharged
for disability. In 1870 he came to Natural Bridge . In 1875 he erected a
small building, and opened a grocery and meat market. In 1877 he built the
store he now occupies, and in 1878 built the Hurlburt House. In 1888 he
erected the opera house. In politics he has always been a Democrat.
WILLIAM H. DELMORE, son of Thomas, was born in Croghan, Lewis county, June
8, 1858. He worked upon a farm and attended school until 1872, when he came
to Carthage, and opened a meat market in company with John Pittock. He was
also in the grocery business five years. In 1885 he bought the Cold Spring
Brewery, which was burned in 1888. In 1887-88-89 he served as supervisor of
the town, was re-elected for the term of 1890, and in 1889 was elected
president of the village of Carthage. October 17, 1876, he married Ellen
O'Connor, and they have two children. In 1887 he built the Delmore block,
one of the finest buildings in Carthage. He is largely interested in real
estate and in the prosperity of the village.
H. D. BINGLE, M. D., a native of Germany, came to America with his parents
when a youth, and located in Naumburg, Lewis county. He was educated in the
district School and Lowville Academy, and in 1877, when 21 years of age,
came to Carthage and commenced the study of medicine with Dr. N. D.
Ferguson. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1881. In 1882 he located
in Denmark, in 1883 in Deer River and in 1886 in Carthage, where he is now
in practice. In 1889 he married Minnie C., daughter of W. R. Thompson, of
CHARLES S. DRURY, son of Charles H., was born in Canton, St. Lawrence
county, in 1856. He graduated from the University of Vermont at Burlington
in 1880, and the same year commenced the practice of his profession at
Great Bend, in the town of Champion. In April, 1883, he located at Natural
Bridge, where he now resides. He married Addie M., daughter of Sidney
Morrison, of Winooski, Vt., and they have one daughter, Vera B., born
September 29, 1884.
GRANSON LEWIS married Merab N. Chaffee, daughter of Zebina Chaffee, who
came from Vermont. Mr. Lewis located on a farm, and here he kept a hotel.
He had five children, viz.: Nelson, Emeline, Hendrickson, Columbus and
Lucia A., of whom two are living, Columbus, in Oakland, Cal., and Lucia A.,
(Mrs. John R. Washburn), wife of the superintendent of the county house.
H. K. LAMPHEAR, son of Jeremiah, was born August 1, 1838. In 1860 he
married Achsah C. Loomis, daughter of Wilson, of Champion. In August, 1864,
he enlisted in Co. A, 186th N. Y. Vols., and was discharged in June, 1865.
He has two children, Wilson L. and Lillian A.
PETER CROWNER, son of Truman, married Susan, daughter of William Adams, of
Antwerp, and located on a farm. He had born to him seven children. viz.:
Amyr, who enlisted in Co. I. 14th N. Y. H. A., and was killed in battle at
Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864; Mucious, Truman A., Hubert B., Marion,
Louise E. and Byron (deceased). Peter Crowner died January 13, 1865. His
widow married Joel Crowner.
JOHN I. PASSENGER came from Albany county, N. Y., to Wilna among the early
settlers. He was well known throughout the county, and was said to have
been the first who laid out the frame of a barn with a square rule He had
born to him 12 children. James, his son married Louisa, daughter of David
Whinney. He had two children, viz.: Nettie C. (Mrs. James J. Wilson) and
Sherman W. Peter Passenger, son of John I., served in the late war in the
4th Michigan Cavalry, and was one of the company which captured Jeff. Davis
at the close of the war. Diantha Passenger married Charles Ward, who
enlisted in Co. F. 193d N. Y. Vols., March 6, 1865, and was discharged
January 18. 1866. Mr. Ward was a pensioner, and died February 3, 1887. Mrs.
Passenger died March 7, 1875.
JOHN FARR, son of John, came from Pennsylvania to the town of Wilna at an
early day, located in Carthage village, and engaged in making iron for Mr.
LeRay. He married Susan McClain, by whom he had six sons and six daughters.
V. L., his son, who resides in the village of Carthage, where he was born,
married Abby J. Allen. Mr. V. L. Farr enlisted in Co. B, 35th Regt. N. Y.
Vols., in 1861, was wounded and discharged the same year. He re-enlisted in
Co. E, 20th N. Y. Cav., in 1863, and was discharged in 1865.
JOHN I. VAN ANTWERP came from Johnstown to Wilna, and located at Natural
Bridge where he lived a few years, when he removed to the farm now occupied
by George Van Antwep, and here remained until his death. Peter, his eldest
son, married Esther A., daughter of Calvin Cowan, and died on the farm. His
widow married Joseph Hastings.
LEWIS LAMPHEAR came to the town of Wilna at an early day and settled on the
farm now owned by L. G. Stanard. Jeremiah Lamphear, son of Lewis, married
Fannie, daughter of Caleb Fulton, and settled on a farm in Wilna, and where
he resided until his death. Of his family of eight children three are
living, viz.: Nelson W. and Hiram K. in this town, and Simeon F., in
Crystal Springs, Yates county.
BENJAMIN G. HALL came from Deerfield, Oneida county to Wilna about 1810,
and settled on a farm on road 44. He reared a family of eight children.
William, son of Luther, son of Benjamin, enlisted in Co. K, 20th N. Y.
Cav., in 1863, and was mustered out in 1865.
ELISHA FULTON, son of Caleb, was born in 1823. He married Angelica
Clearwater, and settled on the old homestead. He had five children: Maria
L. (Mrs. Charles Devois deceased), Sedate H., who married Eugene Lewis;
Joseph E. and Clark A. He was a farmer, and died in November, 1886.
ORLO STANARD came from Saybrook, Conn., and thence to Wilna in 1812,
locating near what was known as the " Checkered House," where he built a
shop and engaged in carpentering. He also built and run several saw-mills,
and bought and occupied the farms now owned by his sons George and La
Fayette. He married Lurena Griffin, whose father, Enoch, was one of the
first settlers of the town. La Fayette and George Stanard, their sons, live
in Wilna. They had five children.
THOMAS HASTINGS came from Massachusetts, and located in the town of
Champion in 1808. In 1816 he located on the farm on road 45, in this town.
He had born to him 10 children--five sons and five daughters. Joseph, his
son, married Rachel Van Antwerp, by whom he had eight children. Joseph is
MR. AND MRS. SUEL GILBERT, substantial and highly respected citizens of
Carthage, were among the earliest settlers. He was a carpenter by trade,
and by industry and by industry and frugality accumulated a handsome
property. Mr. Gilbert died from the effects of coal gas. The neighbors
found him and his worthy wife in a state of asphyxia, from the effects of
which he never rallied. Being childless, Mrs. Gilbert died January 2, 1831,
leaving the greater portion of her property to the Presbyterian, Methodist
and Baptist Churches of Carthage. To the first named $2,000, and the
balance (from $6,000 to $9,000) to each an equal share. This was a
veritable God-send to these churches, which had lost their houses of
worship in the great conflagration of 1884. The memory of these Christian
people is blessed to the members of their own church (the Presbyterian), as
well as to all with whom they were acquainted.
J. T. ATWOOD was born in Morristown, St. Lawrence county, in 1832, whence
he removed to the town of Champion in 1860, and in 1887 located in Carthage
village. He married Elizabeth Starling, by whom he has one daughter, Clara
L., who married George B. Haas. His second wife was Miss Demerius Nye, of
SOME UNION SOLDIERS.
GENERAL THOMAS W. OSBORN, son of Jonathan and Amelia Osborn, was born at
the village of Scotch Plains, New Jersey, in 1833. In 1842 he removed with
his parents to North Wilna, Jefferson county. He remained upon the farm,
performing the ordinary labor of a farmer's son, until 1854. During that
time he had no educational advantages excepting the winter terms of the
district school. In the autumn of 1854 he commenced a course of study
preparatory for college. He graduated from Madison University (now Colgate
University) in 1860. After graduation he entered the law-office of Starbuck
& Sawyer, at Watertown, being admitted to practice law in 1861. It was not
until after the battle of First Bull Run that he determined to do what he
could to sustain the government. He raised a company for light artillery
service, afterwards known as Company D, First New York Light Artillery. Of
this command he was commissioned captain. The battery served continuously
with the Army of the Potomac and was engaged in more than 30 pitched
battles, from the Peninsula to Gettysburg, proving itself one of the best
artillery forces in the army, only equaled by the battery of Mink and
Spratt, also raised in Jefferson, St. Lawrence and Lewis counties. After
this general and entirely truthful statement it is not necessary to go into
details, for Osborn's battery has a record that can be found in the history
of the Army of the Potomac. The services of Captain Osborn were so
meritorious that he was rapidly promoted from one grade to another, having
been chief of artillery of the second division of the second corps, under
General Berry, with the rank of major; in 1863 he was promoted to the
command of the second brigade of the volunteer artillery of the Army of the
Potomac, and in June, 1863, was made chief of artillery of the second
corps, under General Howard in which capacity he went through with the
battle of Chancellorsville. In 1864 he was transferred to the Army of the
Cumblerland and was chief of artillery of the fourth corps of that army;
and while thus employed was seriously wounded. While in command of the
recruiting barracks at Louisville, Ky., he organized the 106th, 107th and
108th regiments of colored troops. Returning to the front as soon as
convalescent, on the 28th of July, 1864, he was assigned, by General
Sherman, as chief of artillery of the Army and Department of the Tennessee,
commanded by General Howard. This assignment gave Major Osborn the largest
artillery command held by any officer during the war, with the one
exception of Major. General Barry, who was General Sherman's chief of
artillery. November 1, 1865, upon the organization of Sherman's army for
the Savannah campaign, Major Osborn was relieved from the command of the
artillery of the department, and retained that of the moving army. December
21, 1864, in addition to his other duties, be was put in command and had
charge of all the artillery, light and heavy, captured at Savannah; January
9, 1865, he received his previous command of the artillery only with the
moving army and entered upon the Carolina campaign. This he retained until
May 10, 1865, when he was relieved by the Secretary of War and assigned to
The principal campaigns in which he was engaged were the Peninsula,
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Valley and
Chattanooga, Atlanta, Savannah and the Carolinas. His first commission was
that of captain, and at the close of the war he received that of brevet
The Major's best work was probably, performed at the battle of Gettysburg,
while in command of the artillery brigade of the 11th corps. We pass over
the first two days fighting at Gettysburg, and state that, excepting a
severe fight by Slocum, before and after service, to dislodge Ewell from
some earth works, there was no considerable fighting on the third day until
the artillery contest, preparatory to the grand charge of Pickett's
division. In the forenoon, the officers of Mead's army with their field
glasses could plainly see Lee's batteries going into position along the
crest of Seminary Ridge. Those batteries, standing at regular intervals,
covered a point of about two miles, and about 150 of Lee's guns were in
position. This was believed to be the longest and finest line of field guns
ever in position upon a battlefield, and engaged at the same time in
battle. Major Osborn's five battalions occupied the crest of Cemetery Hill.
The distance between the two lines of battle, from seven-eighths of a mile
to a mile and a half, was just enough for effective artillery work. At precisely one
o'clock Lee's signal gun was fired, the shot directed upon Cemetery Hill.
In less than a minute after, the 150 guns opened, more than half of which
were turned upon Cemetery Hill.
After this firing had been in progress about an hour, General Hunt came
upon the hill, and while consulting with Generals Howard and Schurz and
Major Osborn of the progress of the battle, the artillery fire and Lee's
probable intentions, the Major suggested that the firing of Meade's should
entirely cease and permit Lee to develop his plans. The three generals
approved the plan and Hunt at once acted upon the suggestion.
The firing along the entire line had no sooner ceased than Lee advanced
Pickett's division, supported by two other divisions, to the grand charge
upon Hancock's line. The result of that charge is well known. As soon as
Pickett's Column was in half-range, everyone of Meade's guns opened with
grape and canister, with deadly and sickening effect. Pickett's column
melted away like the mists of morning before the rising sun.
At the close of the war, Major Osborn was assigned, by the Secretary of War
to another important duty, the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned
Lands for the State of Florida. In that capacity he served two years, and
then resigned his commission in the army and became a citizen of Florida,
with his residence at Tallahassee. Soon after his resignation he received
from Chief Justice Chase the appointment of Register in Bankruptcy for
During the enforcement of the Reconstruction Laws, he took an active part
in the politics of the State; was elected a member of the Constitutional
Convention, and drafted the Constitution of the State. By the Legislature
elected under the new Constitution, he was elected in May, 1868, to the
United States Senate, as a Republican, for the term ending 1873. He entered
the Senate at the age of 35.
In 1876 he served as United States commissioner at the Centennial
Exposition, at Philadelphia. Otherwise than that he has held no public
office since he retired from the Senate. In later years he has been engaged
in business in Florida and New York, and in literary pursuits.
CHARLES W. FRASIER
was born in 1845 in the province of Ontario, Canada. He came to the United
States when seven years of age. He enlisted in Champion in 1864, in Co. H.
186th N. Y. Vol. Infantry, and served with his regiment until 1865, when
they were mustered out. He was wounded at Petersburg in the terrible charge
upon Fort Mahone. He was a brave and faithful soldier, always ready and
willing to do his duty, and, since the war, has been untiring in his
efforts to advance the interests of the G. A. R. Mr. Frasier comes of fighting stock, and is proud of the
fact that some of his ancestors took part in every war in which this
country has been engaged. G. A. R. Post Steele, of Carthage, N. Y., has no more
active and zealous member than Mr. Frasier, and he is as patriotic and
loyal today as he was in 1864. He is a well-known and respected resident of
West Carthage. He is best known, perhaps, in connection with the Carthage
newspapers, having been engaged with both the Republican and Tribune.
EDGAR B. STEELE, for whom the G. A. R. Post at Carthage is named, was born at Evans Mills, November 14, 1842. His parents were Elisha and Eunice (Barret) Steele, who
were old residents of LeRay. Edgar. B. had the benefit of the common
schools. At a very early age he enlisted in Co. I, of the 35th Regt., and
served with that organization until wounded at Fredericksburgh, which
necessitated the amputation of his left foot. He was discharged for the
disability thus incurred, and returned to his home at Carthage, where he
learned the trade of shoemaking. He was a courageous soldier, who proved
his valor by his wounds. In 1864 he married Miss Jennie Carr, and they
raised two children, Frederick C. and Miss Mabel D. Mr. Steele died March
ASAHEL B. WESTCOTT was born at Pillar Point, N. Y., May 6, 1839. His father, Asahel Westcott,
was drowned off Oswego, N. Y., May 3, 1839, and his mother, Cynthia
Westcott, is still alive, and lives at Dexter, N. Y. Asahel B. worked on
the farm of his grandfather until he was 16 years of age, and then went to
Falley Seminary at Fulton, N. Y., where he graduated two years later.
When the Civil War broke out he was teaching school at Pillar Point. He
responded to the first call for volunteers, and enlisted April 22, 1861, at
Sackets Harbor. He was mustered into the service of the United States June
11, 1861, at Elmira, N. Y., in Co. K, 35th N. Y. Vols., as private, and
participated in all the battles the 35th was engaged in--among them being
the second battle of Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam and Fredericksburg.
He was commissioned second lieutenant February 17, 1863, and mustered out
of service with the regiment June 5, 1863, at Elmira. He married Martha E.
Westcott, of Sackets Harbor, December 31, 1864. In February, 1872, he moved
to Carthage, and engaged in carpentering and building. He was trustee of
the village for two years, and justice of the peace two years. He was a
charter member of E. B. Steele Post, G, A. R., and was commander for one
term, and also a prominent Knight of Labor. March 3,1890, he was appointed
postmaster at Carthage, and held that office until his death, which occurred
April 20, 1893. His children are: George H. , Mabel and Ed Win. His widow
BESTER S. SAFFORD, was born
in Harrisburg, Lewis county, June 1, 1834. He was the son of Bester B. and
Amy (Stockwell) Safford, of Lewis county, and came of a patriotic ancestry,
his father and grandfather having served in the War of 1812, and his great
grandfather and his three brothers in the Revolutionary War. Bester S. was
reared a farmer. He was deputy sheriff in Lewis county for three years, and
in 1865 married Anna S. Peebles, daughter of Charles E. and Lydia Peebles,
and they had five children born to them. In 1861 he enlisted in Co. G. 3d
N. Y. Cav. Soon after the arrival of his regiment in North Carolina,
Safford was promoted to corporal, and later to lieutenant, and he greatly
distinguished himself on the scout and in batt
...bert, of Fort Ann, N. Y., by whom he had two children, William A. and
Harriet. The last named died when two years of age. His second wife was
Cynthia Dean. There were two children by this marriage--a daughter, also
named Harriet, who died at the age of 29, and a son, Leonard G.
Allen Peck was one of the pioneers of Carthage. He was a veteran of the War
of 1812. His judgment was clear and sound, his heart was sympathetic and
tender-his life was stainless. He entered into his rest, April 14, 1853, in
his 58th year.
Leonard G., the only surviving member of the family of Allen Peck, was born
September 3, 1832. He obtained his education at the Carthage Academy, and
at the age of 17 entered apprenticeship to Clark Dodge, for three years,
where he acquired the trade of wagon-making. Soon after his father's death,
he entered into the employ of his brother, William A. Peck, as a clerk, in
which position he continued until about a year from the time of the death
of that most estimable and beloved citizen, in November, 1863.
In January, 1867, he embarked in the carriage business in Carthage, on the
corner of State and Mechanic streets, which he conducted somewhat
extensively for about 10 years, since which time he has discontinued
He married Helen Frances Bellinger, of Carthage, July 7, 1858. There were
born to them three daughters, who are all living to cheer his now lonely
fireside. His beloved wife died January 29, 1893.
Mr. Peck has been a member of the Board of Education continuously for 27
years, and has ever, through a love for youth and literary acquirements,
been deeply interested in, and closely identified with, all pertaining to
educational matters, in connection with the Carthage Union Free School. It
may be truly said that the present position of the school, in the front
rank among public schools of the county, is due in a great measure to the
devotion and untiring zeal of this worthy citizen. He is a man of decided
literary tastes, as is shown in what he has written for this History. Mr. Peck has been a life-long resident of
Carthage. J. A. H.
WILLIAM WALLACE SWEET, A TRUSTEE of the village of Carthage, was born June
9, 1856, in the town of Wilna, the son of Edwin and Pamelia (Kelsey) Sweet.
She was the daughter of Enos Kelsey, of LeRay.
William Wallace, the subject of our sketch, was one of four children. He
received his primary education in the common schools; completing it at the
Oswego State Normal School. He came to Carthage in 1882, and was employed
as salesman in the stores of Walter Horr and of C. E. Francis, remaining
some 10 years.
He married Miss Nettie A. Francis, a daughter of Gilbert Francis, of Felts
Mills, and they have six children: Ethel C., Gertrude M., Ernest E., Erma
P., these last two are twins; Lora and Leah, who also are twins. Mr. Sweet
is one of the assessors of the town of Wilna, and one of the trustees of
the village of Carthage, secretary of the Carthage Loan and Building
Association, and assistant chief of the Fire Department. His present
position is salesman for Mr. C. E. Van Slyke. Mr. Sweet is an honorable and
respected citizen, enjoying the confidence of his fellow-citizens, as is
amply evidenced by the honorable positions to which he has been called.
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