|Town Clerk||DEBRA ROBARGE||(B)232-4714, (H)232-4893||PO Box 58; Lorraine 13659|
|Town Historian||ARLENE MOORE||232-2707||PO Box 66, County Rte 93, Lorraine 13659|
A List of People who contributed information concerning the Town of Lorraine in 1878 to Durant and Peirce's History of Jefferson County
The Town of Lorraine, the middle of the three southernmost towns of Jefferson County, is about six miles square. Oswego County forms its southern border. On the west is Ellisburgh, north are Adams and Rodman, west is Worth, which was part of Lorraine until 1848. Settlement began in Lorraine while it was still part of the town of Mexico, Oneida County. On March 24, 1804, the legislature created several towns, of which Malta was one, but since Saratoga County already had a Town of Malta, the name soon changed to the present Lorraine. Lorraine was noted for its many gorges, and the elevation as well as the cheaper land prices brought many settlers within its borders.
Settlement in the Town of Lorraine began in November 1802. The first permanent settlers were Elijah Fox, James McKee and his wife, Sabra (Fox) McKee who came from the vicinity of Rome by way of Redfield, travelling on foot. They immediately set about building a log cabin on the 50-acre plot they had selected along what later became the state road, about one mile south of the present village of Lorraine. In the spring, Elijah Fox sold his interest to McKee and returned to Rome where he married Sally Barnham of Oneida County. The young couple purchased another 50-acre plot and returned to Lorraine. .
In 1803 several families settled in Lorraine, including Peter and Ephraim Chaffin, Comfort Stancliff, Benjamin Gates, Seth Cutler, John Alger, Clark Allen and Allen Pitkin. In 1804 the William and Isaac Lanfear, Asa and Aaron Brown, and Jonathan Remington families arrived. Mr. Frost built the first saw mill and Seth Cutler built the first grist mill in 1804. The first town meeting was held on the 5 May 1805 at the house of John Alger in Lorraine village. Officers elected were supervisor: Asa Brown; clerk: William Hosford; assessors: Clark Allen, Ormond Baker, and Warren Flowers; constable: O. Butler; poormasters: William Hunter and Clark Allen; commissioners of highways: William Hosford, Michael Frost, and Asa Sweet; Fenceviewers: William Lanfear, Joseph Case and Elijah Fox; Poundmasters: James McKee and John Griswold. In 1806 the town had 128 families, and by the next year 161 voters had the necessary property qualifications. James McKee and Elijah Fox kept the first inn.
The village of Lorraine is located at the confluence of Deer and Hull Creeks. John Alger built the first house and the first hotel in Lorraine Village in 1803. The first death was that of A.W. Childs who was killed by a falling tree in 1805. Thomas Stancliff built a sawmill on Hull Creek in 1805. In 1806 or 1807, he was killed by a falling tree and the mill passed to Comfort Stancliff.
In 1806 the first postoffice was opened with Benjamin Gates, Postmaster. Dr. Isaac Weston was the first physician. In 1807 Aaron Brown built the first sawmill in the village. In 1808 Mr Brown built a grist mill and a distillery and in 1809 he built a store in the village. By the census of 1850 Lorraine held 1,511 people.
Winona was a community located in the southern part of the town and at one time had a sawmill, a school, a store, and a post office from 1891 to 1902. The Living Vine Grange was also located in Winona, as well as a tavern.
Allendale, originally Caulkins Mills, was a small hamlet in the northwestern part of the town on the Sandy Creek, about two miles south of Adams Village. It was named after the early settler, Clark Allen, who was Colonel of the 55th Regiment of New York Volunteer Militia from Jefferson County in the War of 1812.
French Settlement was located in the northeast part of the town. It was named after the French families that settled there: LaFevre, St. John, Marquette, Pronto, Revoir and Lermot.
Waterville was a small hamlet of a dozen houses in the eastern part of the town on Hull Creek. It was located just north of French Settlement and two or three miles east of Lorraine village.
Totman's Gulf and Mooney Gulf were named for the early settlers Calvin Totman and John Mooney.
The first church in Lorraine was the Lorraine Baptist Church, formed in 1806. Its first pastor was Rev. Amos Lamson. The church discontinued services in 1917.
The Methodist Episcopal Church began in 1853 with Rev. Isaac Hall. The church burnt to the ground on 16 June 1939 when it was struck by lightning. A new building was erected on the same site. The church is still operating today as the United Methodist Church.
There were thirteen school districts in Lorraine.
District # 1 Allendale District, corner of Rt 11 and Washington Park Roads.
District # 2 Gould Corners District, two or three miles up the Washington Park Road.
District # 3 Lorraine village. The first school in the village was held in the blacksmith shop in the winter of 1805/6. The teacher was Deacon Goulding Bumpus. In the summer of 1806, Miss Betsey Burpee came to Lorraine to teach.
District # 4 Lyman District, west of the junction of the Lorraine- Pierrepont Manor Road, Brown Road, and Marsh Road.
District # 5 Mooney Gulf District, on the Mooney Gulf Road near the end of the Comstock Road.
District # 6 Allen District, on the corner of Dixon and Lorraine Street Roads.
District # 7 Brown Corners District, on the corer of Lorraine Street Road and the State Road.
District # 8 Waterville District
District # 9 Gardner District in Winona
District # 10 Haights Corners District, on the Lorraine-Pierrepont Manor Road near Dixon Road.
District # 11 Maple Grove District, on the corner of County Route 189 and Overton Road.
District # 12 Pitkin District, on the State Road between Sharp and Diamond Roads.
District # 13 O'Neil District, on the Diamond Road between French Settlement Road and the Town Line Road.
From the 1864 Jefferson County Atlas: a summary of statistics for Lorraine. ACRES OF LAND Improved 13,192 1/2 Unimproved 6,678 VALUATION Real Estate 225,003 Personal Property 23,640 Total 248,643 POPULATION Males 812 Females 708 Number of Dwellings 314 Number of Families 320 Freeholders 230 SCHOOLS Number of Districts 13 Children Taught 681 LIVE STOCK Horses 395 Working Oxen and Calves 843 Cows 1,601 Sheep 1,279 Swine 592 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS Bushels of Grain Winter 587 Spring 57,375 1/2 Tons of Hay 3,437 Bushels of Potatoes 13,381 Bushels of Apples 9,489 Dairy Products Pounds of Butter 94,323 Pounds of Cheese 211,822 YARDS OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURE 1,368
Names of the Early Settlers
|ABBY, SARDIS and PAULINA (WILES) |
ALGER, JOHN and AMANDA (---)
ALLEN, CLARK and HANNAH (THOMPSON)
BAKER, ABNER and LOIS (---)
BAKER, AUGUSTUS and SARAH (---)
BARTON, OZIAS and SALLY (LAMSON)
BISHOP, Rev JOHN F. and ALLENA (BROWN)
BOYDEN, JOHN and NABBY
BROWN, EBENEZER and MOLLY (REDWAY)
BROWN, HENRY M.
BROWN, LEVI H.
BROWN, PHILO M.
BURPEE, EBENEZER and ELIZABETH (BURPEE)
BUSHNELL, HEZEKIAH LORD
CHAFFIN, PETER and MARY (WHITNEY)
CLARK, JOHN F. and ELEFF (CAULKINS)
COPELAND, ASA and CYRENE (GREEN)
FASSETT, JOHN and MARGARET (BURPEE)
FLETCHER, BENJAMIN and ESTHER (---)
FOX, ELIJAH and SALLY (BARNHAM)
FOX, GEORGE A.
GARDNER, EZEKIEL M. and RUTH (TANNER)
GATES, BENJAMIN and LYDIA (BROWN)
GILLETTE, DAVID and URSULA (BUMPUS)
GILMAN, CALVIN and HANNAH (BISSELL)
GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH and MARY (ADSIT)
HITCHCOCK, GEORGE and BETSEY (RISLEY)
LANFEAR, ISAAC and ROSANNAH (LOWN)
LANFEAR, WILLIAM and LYDIA (---)
LOWREY, DANIEL and ANNA (GRENNELL)
|LYMAN, CALEB and AZUBAH (COOLEY) |
LYMAN, HENRY H.
McKEE, JAMES and SABRA (FOX)
NICHOLS, LUMAN and ESTHER (FEE)
PITKIN, ALLEN and PERSIS (STEDMAN)
POOLER, JOSEPH M.
REDWAY, DAVID J. and HANNAH (DOANE)
REMINGTON, JONATHAN and DIANA (HALL)
SHELMIDINE, WILLIAM S. and ANNA (LANFEAR)
WHEELER, LEMUEL and KATHERINE (WHITNEY)
WILES, JAMES and MARY (THOMPSON)
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