1. AM(M)IEL3 ("AMMI," "MIAL") PENN(E)Y, son of William and Deborah (Weeks) Penny, was born on 18 July 1746 in Harwich, Barnstable Co., Mass., where he was baptized the following 24 August; he died in Lorraine, Jefferson Co., N.Y., 16 February 1816, aged 70. He married first in South Precinct, Dutchess Co., N.Y., perhaps 2 June 1768, ______ (BETHIAH?) BANGS, who died, probably in South East Precinct ("the Oblong"), Dutchess Co., about 1773, daughter of Samuel Bangs of Harwich and South East Precinct and probably Hannah Wing, his second wife. Amiel married second, probably in or near White Plains, Westchester Co., N.Y., between 29 March 1773 and 12 December 1774, HANNAH HAVILAND, born in Rye, Westchester Co., N.Y., or adjacent Greenwich, Fairfield Co., Conn., about 1744, and died in Lorraine, 12 November 1827, aged 83, daughter of Solomon Haviland of Rye and Greenwich and his first wife, Hannah Carpenter. A Quaker, Hannah Haviland was "put out of meeting" for marrying Amiel, a religious man but not a Quaker.
Amiel was an infant when in 1747 his family migrated from Harwich to South Precinct. They settled in the northeast part of the present-day town of Southeast (now in Putnam Co.), on the Oblong homestead established by his father. About 1774, Amiel became a tenant farmer in nearby Fredericksburgh Precinct (Frederickstown, 1788), probably the part that, with the adjacent section of the Oblong, became Southeast in 1795. (This was on the Philipse Patent, which comprised all of present-day Putnam Co. except the Oblong, a narrow strip of land running along the border with Connecticut.) Amiel performed one or more brief periods of Revolutionary service with the Third Regiment, Dutchess County Militia (Col. John Fields); in May 1777 he was a private in Capt. Dykeman's company. He remained a Philipse Patent tenant farmer until at least June 1779, and probably for about sixteen years more.
About 1795 Amiel and most of his family migrated to that part of Richfield, Otsego County, N.Y., set off as Plainfield in 1799. Then in the summer of 1806, with only sons George and John remaining in their household, Amiel and Hannah settled in the new town of Lorraine, in whose Allendale neighborhood they remained.
Amiel and Hannah died on the family farm in northwest Lorraine and are buried a mile or two up the road at Rural Cemetery, in neighboring Adams. Their shared gravestone has "Ammial" and Hannah's surname as Penney (as does his Revolutionary War service record and several other documents). This variant is found occasionally among most of those who otherwise use the Penny spelling. But in this case, either Amiel or his son John (almost certainly responsible for his parents' gravestone) seems to have adopted the six-letter version, which has been retained by the latter's descendants.
Emily (Penney) Bailey said that her grandfather Amiel had nine children, but only seven are known. The other two presumably died before reaching adulthood.
Children of Amiel and Bethiah? (Bangs) Penn(e)y, all born in present-day Southeast (order as in Samuel Bangs's will):
i. SAMUEL PENNY. He was residing at Southeast in 1798. (A Samuel Penny was in 1840 a Henderson, Jefferson Co., householder and neighbor of Daniel Doane, widower of Amiel's daughter Esther. But since the respective ages of the two men in this household are reported as 30-39 and 70-79, the Samuel listed may be the younger one.)
ii. ABIGAIL M. PENNY, b. 30 Dec. 1769, d. Westerlo, Albany Co., N.Y., 21 or 27 Dec. 1834, aged 64; m. Frederickstown, Dec. (Feb.?) 1790, STEPHEN MABIE/ MA(Y)BEE/MABEY, b. South Precinct (that part now Carmel, on Southeast's western border), 16 July 1760, d. Westerlo, 3 May 1834, aged 73y 9m 17d, son of Abraham and Sarah (Gates) Mabie of present-day Carmel and Patterson (on Southeast's northern border). Abigail and Stephen are buried in the Christian Church Cemetery in the village of South Westerlo.
Children (Mabie), all b. Westerlo:
1. Samuel, b. 20 Oct. 1792, d. Westerlo, 14 Aug. 1870, in 78th yr.; m. Hannah Knowles.
2. Amiel, b. 3 July 1794, d. Westerlo, 29 or 30 Apr. 1835, aged 40; m. Greenville, Greene Co., N.Y., 7 Feb. 1816, Nancy Elliott.
3. Enoch, b. 26 or 28 Jan. or 28 Feb. 1796, d. Westerlo, c.1881, aged 85; m. c.1820 (not 1813), Mary Avery.
4. Lewis, b. 15 Sept. 1798, res. Friendship, Allegany, N.Y., 1860; m. twice, (2?) by 1849, Amy ______.
5. Sally, b. 5 or 30 Oct. 1800, d. 11 May 1803.
6. Ph(o)ebe, b. 7 Sept. 1804, d. Westerlo, 9 Dec. 1886; m. Cornelius Hu(e)sted.
7. Minerva, b. 23 Jan. 1807, d. Annsville, Oneida Co., N.Y., 7 Oct. 1889, aged 82y 8m 13d; m. 1 July 1827, Henry Ter Bush Hannay.
8. Stephen George, b. 29 June 1814, d. Rockford, Winnebago Co., Ill., 5 April 1889, aged 74y 9m 6d or 74y 10m 21d, bur. Geneva, Allen Co., Kans.; m. South Westerlo, 28 Oct. 1837, Phebe Jane Robbins.
iii. BETHIAH/BETHIEL R. PENNY, b. c.1772, d. Lorraine, 24 Aug. 1852, aged 80; m. prob. Frederickstown c.1790, JOHN BREWER, b. c.1768, d. Henderson, 4? Oct. 1843, aged 75, son perhaps of Peter Brewer. The Brewers probably arrived at Lorraine with Amiel Penney's family, in 1806. In 1835 Johnathan [sic] and Bethiah Brewer sold their Lorraine farm adjoining the property of John Penney and in 1840 were nearby in Ellisburgh. Bethiah Brown [sic, Brewer], aged 78, was in 1850 enumerated in the Lorraine household of her half-brother John Penney and his wife, Polly. Bethiah and John Brewer are buried at Evergreen Cemetery in the Henderson village of Roberts Corners, a few paces from her half-sister, Esther (Mrs. Daniel) Doane (see 1.v). Census data suggest the existence of children, but apparently none survived their parents.
Children of Amiel and Hannah (Haviland) Penn(e)y, all born in present-day Southeast:
iv. SOLOMON PENNY, b. 15 March 1776, d. Plainfield, 25 March 1841, aged 65; m. (1) Plainfield, c.1800, CATHERINE SPICER, b. North [sic] Groton, New London Co., Conn., 30 Dec. 1780, d. Plainfield, 31 March 1818, daughter of Silas and Hannah (Draper) Spicer; m. (2) 1818, BETSEY (COLEGROVE [not Stevenson]) BLOODGOOD, b. 9 March 1783, d. Plainfield, 6 Feb. 1863, aged 80, daughter of Asaph and Polly? (Black[a]more) Colegrove of Richfield and widow of Gage Bloodgood of Columbia, Herkimer Co., N.Y. Solomon accompanied his parents to present-day Plainfield about 1795 and remained there when they went on to Lorraine. He and first wife Catherine were admitted to the Unadilla Forks Baptist Church (Plainfield) in July and Aug. 1806, respectively. Solomon and second wife Betsey are buried in Unadilla Forks Cemetery.
Children (Penny), all b. Plainfield, 1-8 with first wife, 9-10 with second:
1. Amiel, b. 1 Jan. 1801, d. Unadilla Forks, 12 Mar. 1869; m. Plainfield, 7 Feb. 1822, Lucy Crumb.
2. Alva(h), b. 28 Nov. 1803, d. Unadilla Forks, 10 or 20 Apr. 1877, aged 74; m. c.1836, cousin Eliza Penny, daughter of Amiel and Polly (Haughton) Penny.
3. Lura (not Lucy), b. 20 Apr. 1805 (1807?), d. Hounsfield, Jefferson Co., 18 Dec. 1843, aged 38y 7m 8d, bur. Union Cem., Adams, N.Y.; m. Hounsfield, 27 Nov. 1825, Squire Cady.
4. Lovina, b. 10 or 11 Sept. 1807 (1805?), d. Clayton, Jefferson Co., N.Y., 8 Jan. 1852, aged 47; m. Sanford Babcock.
5. George W., b. 25 Feb. 1809 (1810?), res. Adams, Jefferson Co., by 1846, Indiana by c.1852, Weyauwega, Waupaca Co., Wis., c.1853-c.1861, Amherst, Portage Co., Wis., c.1861, d. there (not Mich.) 3 Dec. 1885, aged 76; m. (1) prob. Sackets Harbor, Jefferson Co., bef. 25 Oct. 1846, Mary H. Robbins, (2) Adams, aft. 25 Oct. 1846 and prob. bef. 1 June 1850, Sarah Jane Dewey, (3) Amherst, 1 Oct. 1857, Eliza Chapman.
6. Admiral Nelson, b. 12 Sept. 1811, res. Newark, Licking Co., Ohio, by 1837, Gambier, College Township, Knox Co., Ohio, 1850, d. bet. 1 June 1850 and 1 Nov. 1851 (said to have been returning from Calif. gold rush); m. by 1837, perhaps at Lyme, New York, Orpah/Orpha Mary Mayhew.
7. Amanda L., b. 26 Apr. 1814, d. 3 Apr. 1827, aged 13.
8. Harriet Barber, b. 20 Feb. 1816, d. Benton, Eaton Co., Mich., 16 Apr. 1871 or 1872; m. Unadilla [sic, Unadilla Forks], 22 June 1842, Bennett Increase Claflin.
9. Solomon, b. 24 May 1819, res. Newark, Ohio, 1850 (by c.1844), Lorraine, N.Y., 1855 (by c.1853); m. Clarissa ______ (Hitt?/Hite?).
10. Asaph C., b. 3 or 31 Oct. 1824, d. Plainfield, 23 Nov. 1883, aged 58; m. by 1850, Augusta J./Jane A. ______ (Martin?).
v. ESTHER PENNY, b. c.1780, d. Henderson, 30 April 1839, aged 59; m. Plainfield, 4 Feb. 1800, DANIEL DOANE, b. Fredericksburgh, c.1776, d. Henderson, 22 Sept. 1843, son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Myrick) Doane. Daniel (Jr.), a Plainfield householder in 1800, had presumably arrived there from Southeast a year or two earlier. By 1806 (perhaps as early as 1804 or 1805), the Doanes were occupying part of Lot 1 in the northwest corner of Lorraine, a mile up the Adams-Lorraine road from the site Esther's parents settled that year. In 1836 Daniel Doane of Henderson bought 600 acres in the southeast corner of that town from son-in-law Manus Cowles and his wife, Deborah (Doane). Ten months later Daniel and Esther sold the Lorraine farm to another son-in-law, David J. Redway. Esther's gravestone stands in Evergreen Cemetery, near their Henderson home; Daniel's is not found. Two of their children, Bethia and Samuel, were presumably named after Esther's half-siblings.
Children (Doane), 1-3 b. Plainfield, 4-10 b. Lorraine:
1. Hannah, b. 28 Nov. 1800, d. Malone, Franklin Co., N.Y., 24 Sept. 1876 (res. Lorraine), bur. Adams; m. Lorraine, 25 Feb. 1823, David Jones Redway.
2. Diantha, b. 9 Mar. 1802, d. Henderson, 24 or 26 Apr. 1880, aged 78; m. Adams, 1 June 1825, Ira Cooper.
3. Deborah ?Amelia, b. 1806 [sic, prob. 1804-1805], res. Elba, Dodge Co., Wis., 1860 (by 1850), d. Spring Valley, Fillmore Co., Minn., 1866; m. Adams, 7 Mar. 1828, Manus G. Cowles.
4. Rev. Hiram, b. 17 Mar. 1806, d. hosp. ship Nashville, Vicksburg, Warren Co., Miss., 22 July 1863, bur. Maple View Cem., Rutland, Jefferson Co. (s.p.); m. Harlem, New York Co., N.Y., 27 Nov. 1837, Mrs. Margaret A. Church.
5. Bethia, b. 1812, d. prob. Henderson, 18 Dec. 1885; m. Rev. Henry H. Morgan.
6. Emeline S., b. 27 Dec. 1814 (calc.), res. Plainview, Wabasha Co., Minn., by 1860, d. there 20 Jan. 1877, aged 62y 23d; m. William C. Whitney.
7. Samuel H., b. c.1816, res. Highland, Wabasha Co., 1880 (by 1860), unm.
8. Daniel A., b. c.1818, res. Highland by 1860, d. there 27 Nov. 1887, aged 69, unm.
9. Esther Amorette, b. 15 May 1820, res. Plainview 1880 (by c.1858); m. 13 Jan. 1840, Lyman Gardner Washburn.
10. Robert Myrick, b. 8 Nov. 1823, d. prob. Highland (res. there 1900 [by 1860]), 17 Sept. 1900, bur. Plainview; m. Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence Co., N.Y., 18 May 1849, Jeanette Marshall.
vi. GEORGE W. PENNY, b. c.1781-1782, d. Lorraine, 29 March 1807, aged 25. "[A] robust[,] fearless young man, [he] was drowned while assisting in repairing a broken dam on South Sandy Creek," near his home. He was apparently unmarried.
2 vii. JOHN PENNEY, b. 19 April 1786 (1785?); m. MARY ("POLLY") BROWN.
viii. son PENNY; place in birth order unknown. In 1790 Amiel's Frederickstown household included four males under 16 and four females of all ages.
ix. child PENNY; place in birth order unknown.
2. JOHN4 PENNEY (Amiel3, William2-1) was born in Fredericksburgh, Dutchess Co., 19 April 1786 (1785?), and died in Lorraine, 26 (25?) October 1873. He married in Lorraine, 7 May 1809, MARY ("POLLY") BROWN, born in or near Queensbury, Washington (now Warren) Co., N.Y., 11 September 1792 or 1793, and died in Lorraine, 25 June 1882, aged 89 years, 9 months, 14 days, daughter of Asa and Sarah (Moon) Brown. Her great-granddaughter Kate Gifford "heard [G]randma Penny (Mary Brown) tell many stories of her girlhood on the shores of Lake George." Asa Brown was of Queensbury when in late 1792 he sold 100 acres there to Robert Moon. In 1800 the Browns were enumerated in neighboring Bolton, which included what became Hague and part of Caldwell (now Lake George) and furnished practically all the western lakeshore. Asa Brown settled in Lorraine in 1804 and was elected the town's first supervisor on 5 March 1805.
John Penney came to Lorraine from Plainfield with his parents in 1806 (above). A private in the War of 1812, he served with Capt. Oliver Scott's artillery company, New York Militia, in the defense of Sackets Harbor. He, and presumably Polly, joined the Lorraine Baptist Church in 1812; they were among the twenty-nine original members of the Adams Village Baptist Church, formed in 1846. John and Polly Penney are buried in Rural Cemetery, Adams.
Children of John and Polly (Brown) Penney, all born in Lorraine:
i. LODEMA PENNEY, b. 22 Feb. 1811, d. Lorraine, 15 Sept. 1811.
ii. GEORGE W. PENNEY, b. 13 Oct. 1812, d. Newark, Licking Co., Ohio, 3 Jan. 1898, aged 85y 2m 20d; m. Newark, 20 July 1840, ERMINA GERTRUDE SMITH, b. Adams, 2 March 1819 (calc.), d. Newark, 23 April 1887, aged 68y 1m 21d, daughter of Jesse and Polly (Felt) Smith. George had by 1840 migrated to Newark, where he was a prosperous trader and farmer. (The George Penney who died in Adams, 23 April 1881, and is buried in Rural Cem. there, was John Penney's first cousin once removed. When in 1813 his father, Seth Penny, died at Adams, seven-year-old George became John and Polly Penney's foster son.)
Children (Penney), all b. Newark, Ohio:
1. Wilfred S., b. 27 Apr. 1841 (calc.), d. 5 Mar. 1848, aged 6y 10m 8d.
2. Charles G., b. c.1843 (aged 7 in 1850; 17 in 1860).
3. Jesse S., b. 8 Jan. 1845 (calc.), d. 23 Sept. 1846, aged 1y 8m 15d.
4. George B., b. 27 Jan. 1847 (calc.), d. 10 Mar. 1848, aged 1y 1m 13d.
5. John M., b. c.1849 (aged 1 in 1850); m. Sara [sic] Esther Smith.
6. Mary, b. c.1851 (aged 9 in 1860).
7. Isabela [sic], b. c.1853 (aged 7 in 1860).
8. Rosa, b. c.1855 (aged 5 in 1860).
9. Edith (twin?), b. c.1857 or c.28 Sept. 1858 (aged 2 in 1860).
10. Bertha (twin?), b. 28 Sept. 1858 (calc.), d. 9 Apr. 1860, aged 1y 6m 11d.
iii. RHODA PENNEY, b. 13 Sept. 1814, d. Lorraine, 8 Feb. 1816.
iv. CELESTINE JEANETTE PENNEY, b. 31 Dec. 1817, d. Adams, 12 Dec. 1893, aged 76; m. Lorraine, 5 Dec. 1837, JOHN ALBERT/ALBERT J. WASHBURN, b. Litchfield, Herkimer Co., N.Y., 16 Oct. 1814, d. Adams, 20 June 1895, aged 80, son of Bethuel and Eunice (Gifford) Washburn. His brother Lyman Gardner Washburn married Esther (Penney) Doane's daughter Esther Amorette (1.v.9).
Children (Washburn), 2-4 b. Lorraine:
1. George Bethuel, b. Hounsfield, c.1838-1839 (aged 12 in 1850; 21 in 1860); m. (1) Harriet Babcock, (2) Mary Cox.
2. Adelaide Jeanette, b. c.1840, d. 16 Aug. 1866, aged 26; m. Capt. Milo E. Gifford.
3. Althea Theodosia, b. c.1842-1843 (aged 8 in 1850; 17 in 1860); m. Alonzo Porter.
4. Wilford Albert, b. c.1858 (aged 2 in 1860); m. Emily Andrus Pease.
v. GROVE JUDSON PENNEY, b. 6 Feb. 1820, d. Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 28 June 1905, aged 85; m. (1) Lorraine, c.1840, CAROLINE M. REDWAY, b. Lorraine or Ellisburgh, 8 Dec. 1823, d. Cincinnati, 16 Dec. 1860, aged 37y 8d, daughter of David Jones and Hannah (Doane) Redway; m. (2) Lorraine, 2 Jan. 1862, ADELINE REDWAY, b. Adams, 19 or 20 April 1827, d. Chatfield, Fillmore Co., Minn., 15 July 1914, aged 87y 2m 25d, sister of his first wife. Grove married (serially) his first cousins once removed: his aunt Esther (Penny) Doane (1.v) was the Redway sisters' maternal grandmother. Their father's Lorraine farm, formerly belonging to his father-in-law, Daniel Doane, was about a mile north of the Penney farm. Sometime between 1842 and 1845, Grove and Caroline joined his brother, George, in Newark, Ohio. Residing in Bainbridge, Ross Co., Ohio, by 1850 and Wilmington, Clinton Co., Ohio, by 1852, they settled in Cincinnati about 1855. By the time Caroline died in childbirth in late 1860, she and Grove had lost all six of their children in infancy or early childhood. A year later, at the Redway home in Lorraine, Grove married Caroline's sister Adeline, apparently a continuous member of his household since at least 1850; they returned to Cincinnati in 1865.
Initially in the hardware business in Cincinnati, Grove became a "commission merchant," operating as a broker at the Cincinnati grain exchange. The wealth and prominence gained thereby propelled him and Adeline into Cincinnati's circle of elites. They were on intimate terms with the Tafts, Proctors, Everetts, et al.; Adeline was godmother to Nicholas Longworth II, eventual Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Grove joined the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce in 1856, was elected an honorary member when he retired in 1901, and was its oldest member when he died. He was for many years an active vestryman at St. John's Episcopal Church. In October 1905 widow Adeline left Cincinnati for the Chatfield home of her sister Mary (Mrs. Henry S.) Griswold, where she spent the last nine years of her life. She had no
Children (Penney), all with first wife; 1-2 b. Lorraine, N.Y., 3-4 b. Newark, Ohio:
1. Ermina C., b. 7 June 1841, d. Lorraine, 26 Sept. 1841, aged 3m 19d.
2. Ellen C., b. 19 Oct. 1842, d. Newark, 13 Mar. 1848.
3. Emily, b. 17 July 1845, d. Newark, 17 Mar. 1848.
4. Caroline ("Carrie") M., b. 16 Jan. 1847, d. Wilmington, 24 Feb. 1853.
5. Judson G., b. Wilmington, 23 Aug. 1852, d. there 10 Feb. 1853.
6. Mary, b. and d. Cincinnati, c.16 Dec. 1860, bur. 18 Dec. 1860.
All but Ermina bur. Spring Grove Cem., Cincinnati; 2-5 reinterred there 17 June children.1861.
vi. EMILY DRUSILLA, b. 6 Jan. 1822, d. Lorraine, 28 Feb. 1910; m. Lorraine, 1 May (June?) 1844, HENRY BAILEY, b. Lorraine, 5 June 1821, d. there 14 or 15 Dec. 1901, son of George and Olive (Kasson) Bailey. After Emily and Henry married, they went directly to Wisconsin, where daughters Celestine and Olive were born. In 1848 Emily went home to Lorraine to give birth to son John and afterward refused to return to Wisconsin, where her conditions had been lonely and frightening. Henry sold his farm there and returned to Lorraine, where he bought a farm on the Lorraine road, near Emily's parents.
Children (Bailey), 1-2 b. in or near Brighton, Kenosha Co., Wis., 3-7 b. Lorraine:
1. Celestine M., b. 2 July 1845, d. Los Angeles, Calif., 23 Dec. 1932, aged 88; m. James Farmer.
2. Olive Jane, b. 21 Nov. 1846, d. Henderson, 23 Mar. 1922; m. (as his 2d w.) James Lyman McCumber.
3. John Delbert, b. 19 Aug. 1848, d. Lorraine, 13 Nov. 1922, aged 74; m. Charlotte ("Lottie") McCarthy.
4. Newell K., b. 28 July 1850, d. Watertown, Jefferson Co., 3 July 1925, aged 75 (bur. Gouverneur, St. Lawrence Co., N.Y.); m. Watertown, 21 Sept. 1893, Mrs. (not Miss) Alice Fosgate, s.p.
5. Francis ("Frank") H., b. 19 Feb. 1852, d. Lorraine, 21 Mar. 1917, unm.
6. Emma C., b. 5 Feb. 1855, d. 7 Aug. 1892, unm. 7. Jesse L., b. 3 Feb. 1865, d. prob. Lorraine, 11 Dec. 1879, aged 14y 10m.
To reinforce that certain facts presented above take precedence over comparable data appearing in the Ammiel Penny sketch on the Fonda List of Revolutionary War Veterans in Jefferson County: Amiel Penn(e)y was born in Harwich, Mass. (not Dutchess Co., N.Y.) in 1746 (not 1743); he died in Lorraine (not Adams). Hannah (Haviland) Penn(e)y's birth year, 1744, is calculated from her age at death and is therefore not certain (she was born "about" 1744); she, too, died in Lorraine (not Adams).
It is said that Amiel Penney's maternal grandfather was George Wicks, a Presbyterian minister sent from England to preach among the Indians on Cape Cod. This comes from a statement written in a psalm book once owned by Amiel's son John: "George Wicks was the first Presbyterian minister sent from England to Cape Cod, Mass." Amiel's maternal grandfather gained a reputation for preaching to the Indians, but his name was George Weekes, and he was born, not in England, but at Dorchester, Mass., in 1688/9. The immigrant family of this Weekes line was headed by George's great-grandfather, also named George Weekes, who had settled at Dorchester by 1639. The younger George's father and paternal grandfather were both named Ammiel.
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